Performance management strategies: a competitive advantage for high technology firms: a study in the Okanagan Valley Region of British Columbia, Canada

Doctorate other than PhD


Price, Sherry Lee. 2006. Performance management strategies: a competitive advantage for high technology firms: a study in the Okanagan Valley Region of British Columbia, Canada. Doctorate other than PhD Doctor of Business Administration. University of Southern Queensland.
Title

Performance management strategies: a competitive advantage for high technology firms: a study in the Okanagan Valley Region of British Columbia, Canada

TypeDoctorate other than PhD
Authors
AuthorPrice, Sherry Lee
SupervisorErwee, Ronel
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Qualification NameDoctor of Business Administration
Number of Pages318
Year2006
Abstract

High technology firms are important to economic growth. A key factor in survival
and growth of these firms is the attraction and retention of qualified workers. This
exploratory research compares how high technology firms use performance
management strategies to gain a competitive advantage and, at the same time,
investigates the role of human capital. The eight high technology firms selected for
study are located in the Okanagan Valley region of British Columbia Canada and
each was pre-qualified as a small or medium-sized enterprise - two with 10 to 19
employees, four with 20 to 49, and two with 50 to 200. For this research, eight high
technology case studies were constructed from interviews with the firms' managers.
Single and multiple case analyses examined performance management processes
from the perspectives of: integration with business strategy, application to business
performance, use by managers and supervisors, and linkage with human resource and
reward practices. The findings indicated that these firms have a well-developed
understanding of performance management but opportunities for executing strategies
with this process are weaker. As well, those firms with human resource managers
have a distinct employee focus, whereas those without emphasise firm performance.
The results also indicate that all firms view superior technology and customer service
as their common differentiating qualities; nevertheless, human capital was endorsed
as either a competitive advantage or an integral component. Regardless,
performance management has potential for greater role in the crafting and executing
of strategy than these firms employ. Further, although culture and change are high
priorities to these firms, none are capitalising fully on the cultural and change
elements inherent in performance management processes. The conclusions for
managers are threefold; a) to develop and implement formal strategic plans, b) to
integrate performance management and human resource practices, and c) to build a
human capital pool that sustains their firm's competitive advantage. From a
theoretical perspective, the implications are twofold: a) performance management is
a bridge for executing strategic planning and realising a competitive advantage and b)
principal value of human capital is in its capability to sustain a firm's competitive
advantage. The findings and their implications offer high technology managers and
future researchers a useful framework for growth and research respectively.

Keywordshigh technology firms, performance management strategies, Okanagan Valley Region of British Columbia, Canada
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020350503. Human resources management
Byline AffiliationsFaculty of Business
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