Foreign exchange transaction exposure management practices of Australian SMEs: an exploratory analysis

Article


McCarthy, Scott. 1999. "Foreign exchange transaction exposure management practices of Australian SMEs: an exploratory analysis." Small Enterprise Research. 7 (2), pp. 29-42.
Article Title

Foreign exchange transaction exposure management practices of Australian SMEs: an exploratory analysis

ERA Journal ID36108
Article CategoryArticle
Authors
AuthorMcCarthy, Scott
Journal TitleSmall Enterprise Research
Small enterprises research: the journal of SEAANZ
Journal Citation7 (2), pp. 29-42
Number of Pages14
Year1999
Place of PublicationNewcastle, Australia
ISSN1175-0979
1321-5906
Web Address (URL)http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=724724712045914;res=IELBUS>
Abstract

Firms face foreign exchange (FX) transaction exposure if they have accounts payable and/or receivable in foreign currencies. This paper is an exploratory analysis that aims to discover the FX transaction exposure management practices of small and medium sized Australian enterprises (SMEs). More specifically, the paper examines whether SMEs hedge FX transaction exposure and the reasons for their actions, as well as focusing on the following issues: the importance of the management of FX transaction exposure to SMEs, the frequency of SMEs hedging activities, the type of instruments used for hedging, and the characteristics of SMEs that hedge. To explore these issues, 350 responses from a mail questionnaire administered to SMEs involved in exporting and/or importing located in Brisbane and Sydney were utilised. The results of the study show that the majority of SMEs do not hedge transaction exposure, while most of those that do hedge do so selectively. In addition, forward contracts are found to be the most used hedging instrument and firm size is found to be associated with the decision to hedge.

Keywordsforeign exchange market; small business management; hedging
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020350716. Small business organisation and management
380110. International economics
350711. Organisational planning and management
Byline AffiliationsSchool of Accounting, Economics and Finance
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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