Urban climatology applied to urban planning: a postwar knowledge circulation failure

Article


Hebbert, Michael and MacKillop, Fionn. 2013. "Urban climatology applied to urban planning: a postwar knowledge circulation failure ." International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. 37 (5), pp. 1542-1558. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2427.12046
Article Title

Urban climatology applied to urban planning: a postwar knowledge circulation failure

ERA Journal ID5955
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsHebbert, Michael (Author) and MacKillop, Fionn (Author)
Journal TitleInternational Journal of Urban and Regional Research
Journal Citation37 (5), pp. 1542-1558
Number of Pages17
Year2013
Place of PublicationOxford, United Kingdom
ISSN0309-1317
1468-2427
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2427.12046
Web Address (URL)http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1468-2427.12046/pdf
Abstract

The article discusses an instance of knowledge that failed to circulate - the application of urban climatology in town planning. This field of applied science was systematized in German-speaking universities and cities and remains most firmly established in North-Central Europe. In the decades after the second world war successive commissions and study groups of the World Meteorological Organization, the International Federation of Housing and Planning, the Confederation Internationale du Batiment and the International Society for Biometeorology sought to spread awareness of climatological factors among planners and architects worldwide. The article examines the organizations and individuals involved in this campaign, describes their meetings, publications and outreach, and assesses the disappointing impact. The legacy of this failure is considered in the context of present-day interest in planning for carbon mitigation and climate-change adaptation.

Keywordsknowledge transfer; town planning technique; urban climatology; World Meteorological Organization
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020330411. Urban design
370202. Climatology
330105. Architectural science and technology
Public Notes

© 2013 Urban Research Publications Limited. Published online 28 Jun 2013. Published version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.

Byline AffiliationsUniversity College London, United Kingdom
Australian Centre for Sustainable Business and Development
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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