Squatters and separation: a synoptic overview

Article


French, Maurice. 2010. "Squatters and separation: a synoptic overview." Queensland History Journal. 20 (13), pp. 804-819.
Article Title

Squatters and separation: a synoptic overview

ERA Journal ID41986
Article CategoryArticle
Authors
AuthorFrench, Maurice
Journal TitleQueensland History Journal
Journal Citation20 (13), pp. 804-819
Number of Pages16
Year2010
PublisherRoyal Historical Society of Queensland
Place of PublicationBrisbane, Australia
ISSN1447-1345
1836-5477
Web Address (URL)http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=772188576030684;res=IELHSS
Abstract

The Separation of Queensland from New South Wales in December 1859 was an indirect consequence of three upheavals in post-Napoleonic Europe: firstly, the collapse of the Spanish wool flocks, the protection of the Saxon flocks and the industrialisation of the British textiles industry with increased demand for cotton and, more pertinently, merino wool; secondly, a radical, democratic insurgency against restored conservative regimes that produced abortive revolutions and socialist ideology in
continental Europe and Chartism in Britain; and thirdly, as a direct result of the preceding two factors, the large-scale emigration to the Australasian colonies of an entrepreneurial, ambitious, capitalist middle class and an
impoverished, dispossessed working class – each of which, aspiring to an improved lifestyle, had a dramatic impact on the shaping of the Australian colonies. This paper, drawing on the established historiography, surveys the role that the squatters played in the Separation of pastoral Queensland from a democratising New South Wales. Hence, while avoiding a white triumphalist interpretation – I have published elsewhere on frontier conflict – it might be subtitled 'in praise of squatterdom'.

KeywordsQueensland independence; separation; squatters; history
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020440801. Australian government and politics
430302. Australian history
300202. Agricultural land management
Public Notes

This publication is copyright. It may be reproduced in whole or in part for the purposes of study, research, or review, but is subject to the inclusion of an acknowledgment of the source.

Byline AffiliationsSchool of Humanities and Communication
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Permalink -

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/q2v25/squatters-and-separation-a-synoptic-overview

Download files


Published Version
French_QHJ_v20n13_PV.pdf
File access level: Anyone

  • 1857
    total views
  • 1408
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 4
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Toowoomba: a sense of history 1840-2008
French, Maurice. 2009. Toowoomba: a sense of history 1840-2008. Toowoomba, Australia. University of Southern Queensland.
Brisbane: squatters, selectors and surveyors (Brisbane History Group Papers No 16) by Rod Fisher and Jennifer Harrison
French, Maurice. 2004. "Brisbane: squatters, selectors and surveyors (Brisbane History Group Papers No 16) by Rod Fisher and Jennifer Harrison ." Australian Journal of Politics and History. 50 (3), pp. 441-441.
Darling Downs: black soil and rolling grass seas
French, Maurice. 2011. "Darling Downs: black soil and rolling grass seas ." Queensland Historical Atlas. 2011, pp. 1-7.
What fate awaits? The indigenous peoples of the Darling Downs in 1851-52
French, Maurice. 2002. "What fate awaits? The indigenous peoples of the Darling Downs in 1851-52." Queensland Review. 9 (1), pp. 23-33.
Toowoomba: a social atlas
Biernoff, David, Elvidge, Norman, Witzerman, Paul and French, Maurice. 1996. Toowoomba: a social atlas. Toowoomba, Australia. USQ Press.