Modern agricultural practices and analysis of socio-economic and ecological impacts of development in agriculture sector, Punjab, India: a review

Article


Sangha, Kamaljit Kaur. 2014. "Modern agricultural practices and analysis of socio-economic and ecological impacts of development in agriculture sector, Punjab, India: a review ." Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 48 (5), pp. 331-341. https://doi.org/10.5958/0976-058X.2014.01312.2
Article Title

Modern agricultural practices and analysis of socio-economic and ecological impacts of development in agriculture sector, Punjab, India: a review

Article CategoryArticle
Authors
AuthorSangha, Kamaljit Kaur
Journal TitleIndian Journal of Agricultural Research
Journal Citation48 (5), pp. 331-341
Number of Pages11
Year2014
Place of PublicationHaryana, India
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.5958/0976-058X.2014.01312.2
Web Address (URL)http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:ijar2&volume=48&issue=5&article=001
Abstract

Agriculture is a backbone of economy in the Indian state of Punjab where Green revolution was introduced early in 1960s and has contributed largely to make India self-sufficient in food production. Although, Green Revolution has enhanced food production and consequently the economic returns in agriculture sector, but it has many backlash effects. This study analyses the modern agriculture systems that were introduced with Green Revolution largely at the expense of over-and misuse of land and water resources and loss of biodiversity. It evaluates the impact of changes in agricultural systems on the breakdown of socio-cultural fabric. Rural people, particularly agricultural communities, are facing many serious problems including farmer's suicides, health problems such as cancer, loss of work culture among the youngsters, excessive use of alcohol and drugs and loss of cultural identity for people. Punjab, which used to be one of the progressive states in India, is suffering from the loss of natural, social and health capital. This study applies an integrated approach to assess the various costs and benefits of the current agricultural system in terms of well-being of people and of associated ecological and economic perspectives. It further suggests some innovative solutions for the current problems. A holistic approach applied in this study to assess Green Revolution from socio-cultural, economic and ecological perspectives provides an in depth view of the problems that people are facing in so called economically developed state of Punjab in India.

Keywordsgreen revolution; agriculture systems; socio-cultural; ecological and economic perspectives of agriculture; agricultural communities
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020440603. Economic geography
300208. Farm management, rural management and agribusiness
441004. Social change
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Byline AffiliationsSchool of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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