Pseudohypoadrenocorticism in a Siberian Husky with Trichuris vulpis Infection

Article


Croton, Catriona, Car, Stephanie and Haworth, Mark. 2019. "Pseudohypoadrenocorticism in a Siberian Husky with Trichuris vulpis Infection." Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine. 2019, pp. 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/3759683
Article Title

Pseudohypoadrenocorticism in a Siberian Husky with Trichuris vulpis Infection

ERA Journal ID212012
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsCroton, Catriona (Author), Car, Stephanie (Author) and Haworth, Mark (Author)
Journal TitleCase Reports in Veterinary Medicine
Journal Citation2019, pp. 1-5
Article Number3759683
Number of Pages5
Year2019
PublisherHindawi Publishing Corporation
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN2090-7001
2090-701X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/3759683
Web Address (URL)https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crivem/2019/3759683/
Abstract

An entire male Siberian Husky presented for diarrhoea, weakness, inappetence, and collapse following a six-day period of illness. On clinical examination the dog displayed vasoconstrictive circulatory shock, dehydration, and melena. Laboratory tests revealed a marked hyponatraemia, hyperkalaemia, and a decreased sodium/potassium ratio of ≤ 12.4. The baseline and poststimulation serum cortisol concentrations were markedly elevated following adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) stimulation test, yielding 712 nmol/L and 706 nmol/L, respectively. The elevated cortisol concentration excluded hypoadrenocorticism. A concurrent Trichuris vulpis (whipworm) infection was also identified. The dog was treated with supportive care including fenbendazole and recovered uneventfully. The final diagnosis was Trichuris vulpis infection with secondary pseudohypoadrenocorticism. This case report further supports a previous observation that the Siberian Husky breed may have an increased sensitivity to infection with Trichuris vulpis and development of pseudohypoadrenocorticism.

Keywordshyperkalemia; hyponatremia; pseudohypoadrenocorticism; trichuris vulpis; dog
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020300909. Veterinary parasitology
300901. Veterinary anaesthesiology and intensive care
300907. Veterinary medicine (excl. urology)
Public Notes

Copyright © 2019 Stephanie Car et al. Tis is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Queensland
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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