The Kourion Hook Incisor: a new nonmetric dental trait

Paper


Heap, Natasha, Blessing, Sarah, Given, Michael and Kyriakou, Xenia. 2023. "The Kourion Hook Incisor: a new nonmetric dental trait." The 3rd annual meeting of the Mediterranean Archaeology Australasian Research Community (MAARC 2023). 13 - 15 Feb 2023 Australia.
Paper/Presentation Title

The Kourion Hook Incisor: a new nonmetric dental trait

Presentation TypePaper
AuthorsHeap, Natasha, Blessing, Sarah, Given, Michael and Kyriakou, Xenia
Journal Citationpp. 37-38
Number of Pages2
Year2023
Place of PublicationAustralia
Web Address (URL) of Paperhttps://mediterraneanarcha.wixsite.com/maarc/annual-meeting
Conference/EventThe 3rd annual meeting of the Mediterranean Archaeology Australasian Research Community (MAARC 2023)
Event Details
The 3rd annual meeting of the Mediterranean Archaeology Australasian Research Community (MAARC 2023)
Parent
Annual meeting of the Mediterranean Archaeology Australasian Research Community (MAARC)
Delivery
Online
Event Date
13 to end of 15 Feb 2023
Event Venue
University of Sydney
Event Web Address (URL)
Abstract

Excavations at the Kourion Amathus Gate Cemetery (KAGC) in Cyprus, conducted by Danielle Parks between 1995 and 2000, identified twenty-two cist graves dated between the 4th – 6th century A.D. representing a mixture of Christian and pagan burial practices (Given et al. forthcoming). Preliminary analysis of the human remains from the cist tombs revealed a minimum number of individuals (MNI) of 79, comprising both adults and subadults (Parks & Chapman, 1999).

A detailed bioarchaeological analysis of the comingled remains from KAGC has commenced. The work includes an analysis of the dental nonmetric traits to investigate population connections in the region. During the analysis a previously unrecognised nonmetric dental trait was identified. An analysis of 959 permanent teeth lead to the identification of the “Kourion Hook Incisor” in 26 incisors (central and lateral). The “Kourion Hook” trait has been first identified on the island of Cyprus and the high prevalence of the trait suggests that it may be population or region-specific.

Broadly, the goal of dental morphological analysis is to improve the understanding of population relationships at both large and small scales, at both global and more regional levels (Edgar & Ousley, 2013; Willermet et al., 2013). The identification and then analysis of previously unidentified nonmetric traits in populations will strengthen this tool. With the identification of the Kourion Hook incisor we hope that other researchers will include this trait in their work so a stronger understanding of this prevalence of this trait, both temporally and geographically, can be gained strengthening our understandings of population connections.

KeywordsBioarchaeology Roman Cyprus Dental Anthropology
Article Publishing Charge (APC) FundingSchool/Centre
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020430104. Archaeology of Europe, the Mediterranean and the Levant
440103. Biological (physical) anthropology
Public Notes

Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.

Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Southern Queensland
Cyprus Institute, Cyprus
University of Glasgow, United Kingdom
Florida Gulf Coast University, United States
Permalink -

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/xzx36/the-kourion-hook-incisor-a-new-nonmetric-dental-trait

  • 41
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 3
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Bioarchaeological Analysis of the Human Osteological Material
Kyriakou, X. and Heap, N.. 2024. "Bioarchaeological Analysis of the Human Osteological Material ." Given, M., Mavromatis, C. and Gabrieli, R. (ed.) City and Cemetery: Excavations at Kourion's Amathus Gate Cemetery, Cyprus. The Excavtions of Danielle A. Parks. Volume 2: Human Skeletal Remains, Ecofacts, and Artifacts. United States. American Society of Overseas Research .
The role of forensic archaeology in the investigation of air crash sites
Heap, Natasha J. and Kyriakou, Xenia. 2023. "The role of forensic archaeology in the investigation of air crash sites." 11th European Meeting on Forensic Archaeology . Madrid, Spain 28 - 29 Sep 2023
Our black box obsession: air accident investigation in popular culture
Heap, Natasha. 2023. "Our black box obsession: air accident investigation in popular culture." Aviation Cultures Mk VII: Flying High. Aviation in Popular Culture. 21 - 22 Jul 2023
Bioarchaeology of Disaster Beyond Death: Resilience and Survivability in the post-earthquake Graeco-Roman site of Kourion in Cyprus
Blessing, Sarah, Heap, Natasha, Fether, Delanie, La Valley, Anna La, Given, Michael and Kyriakou, Xenia. 2023. "Bioarchaeology of Disaster Beyond Death: Resilience and Survivability in the post-earthquake Graeco-Roman site of Kourion in Cyprus." Blessing, Sarah, Heap, Natasha and Kyriakou, Xenia (ed.) 50th Annual North American Meeting of the Palaeopathology Association . Reno, United States 17 - 19 Apr 2023 United States.
Secondary burial practice at megalithic jar site 1, Plain of Jars Laos
O'Reilly, Dougald, Shewan, Louise, Luangkoth, Thonglith, Domett, Kate, Halcrow, Siân, Khamphouvong, Mailo, Butphachit, Amphai, Sayavongkhamdy, Thongsa and Heap, Natasha. 2023. "Secondary burial practice at megalithic jar site 1, Plain of Jars Laos." Asian Archaeology. 7, p. 105–117. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41826-023-00067-3
The Flying Fashionista: the Short, Pioneering Flying Career of Ivy Hassard (nee Pearce), 1934-36
Heap, Natasha. 2022. "The Flying Fashionista: the Short, Pioneering Flying Career of Ivy Hassard (nee Pearce), 1934-36." The Aviation Historian. 38, pp. 34-43.
The dentition of the people of Iron Age Non Ban Jak
Heap, Natasha J.. 2022. The dentition of the people of Iron Age Non Ban Jak. Masters Thesis Master of Philosophy . James Cook University . https://doi.org/10.25903/n5n7-7238
Reading the Siloam inscription as narrative
Llewelyn, Stephen, Heap, Natasha and Wrathall, Alexandra. 2019. "Reading the Siloam inscription as narrative." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament. 43 (3), pp. 343-358. https://doi.org/10.1177/0309089217702887
Lieutenant Colonial Ignatius Bertram Norris [Website post]
Heap, Natasha. 2021. "Lieutenant Colonial Ignatius Bertram Norris [Website post]." Fromelles Association of Australia.