Impact of Social, Institutional and Environmental Factors on the Adoption of Sustainable Soil Management Practices: An Empirical Analysis from Bangladesh

Article


Sharna, Shaima Chowdhury, Anik, Asif Reza, Rahman, Sanzidur and Salam, Md. Abdus. 2022. "Impact of Social, Institutional and Environmental Factors on the Adoption of Sustainable Soil Management Practices: An Empirical Analysis from Bangladesh." Land. 11 (12). https://doi.org/10.3390/land11122206
Article Title

Impact of Social, Institutional and Environmental Factors on the Adoption of Sustainable Soil Management Practices: An Empirical Analysis from Bangladesh

ERA Journal ID201217
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsSharna, Shaima Chowdhury, Anik, Asif Reza, Rahman, Sanzidur and Salam, Md. Abdus
Journal TitleLand
Journal Citation11 (12)
Article Number2206
Number of Pages20
Year2022
PublisherMDPI AG
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN2073-445X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/land11122206
Web Address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2073-445X/11/12/2206
Abstract

This paper explores the determinants of sustainable soil management (SSM) practices among Bangladeshi paddy farmers. Relevant information from 2681 paddy farmers was extracted from the nationally representative Bangladesh Integrated Household Survey (BIHS 2018–2019) dataset. Four SSM practices were commonly practiced with 37.04% of the sampled farmers adopting at least one SSM practice. ‘Use of organic fertilizer’ was the most common practice, whereas the other three, viz. ‘zero-tillage’, ‘incorporate paddy residue’, and ‘legume cultivation’ were less practiced by the farmers. Econometric analysis revealed that differences in the farmers’ socio-economic conditions, environmental and institutional settings were the main drivers of the SMM practice decisions. Climatic factors were critical in shaping the farmers’ decision to adopt SSM practices. Education, access to information and extension services increased the adoption probability of SSM practices. Improved infrastructure and being located within the economically vulnerable areas (e.g., Feed the Future zone) influenced the farmers’ adoption decision, but the magnitude and direction varied depending on the individual circumstances. The farmers’ socio-economic conditions, e.g., assets and farm size, also had a notable influence on the adoption of SSM practices. Policy implications include strengthening extension services, incorporation of climatic information in education and dissemination of information on SSM practices, particularly to farmers living in vulnerable areas.

Keywordsinstitutional and environmental factors; sustainable soil management; adoption; climate change; socio-economi; Bangladesh
ANZSRC Field of Research 20204106. Soil sciences
Byline AffiliationsSchool of Agriculture and Environmental Science
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh
University of Reading, United Kingdom
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