Extending the technology acceptance model to understand the use of e-learning during COVID-19 pandemic for enhancing learning process: Iraqi universities' students

Article


Azeez, Suad Shatti, Glood, Salih Hajem and Alhasnawi, Mohammad Kasib Layous. 2023. "Extending the technology acceptance model to understand the use of e-learning during COVID-19 pandemic for enhancing learning process: Iraqi universities' students." International Journal of Learning Technology. 18 (1), pp. 44-78. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJLT.2023.131311
Article Title

Extending the technology acceptance model to understand the use of e-learning during COVID-19 pandemic for enhancing learning process: Iraqi universities' students

ERA Journal ID20315
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsAzeez, Suad Shatti, Glood, Salih Hajem and Alhasnawi, Mohammad Kasib Layous
Journal TitleInternational Journal of Learning Technology
Journal Citation18 (1), pp. 44-78
Number of Pages25
Year2023
PublisherInderscience Publishers
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN1477-8386
1741-8119
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1504/IJLT.2023.131311
Web Address (URL)https://www.inderscienceonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1504/IJLT.2023.131311
AbstractAlthough the influencing factors on the use of e-learning (EL) were examined in previous studies, the physical characteristics of the educational environment and their impact on the use of EL during the COVID-19 pandemic are still to be investigated. Therefore, to bridge this gap, this study adapted TAM as a theoretical model and extended it by adding learning content; and lighting and noise as environmental variables. This study aims to investigate the effecting factors of EL on Iraqi universities during outbreaks of COVID-19. Moreover, the study used an online questionnaire of 455 students of the southern region universities in Iraq and Smart-PLS technique for data analysis. The findings revealed the relationships amongst the core constructs of TAM supported; learning content has a positive effect on perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness; moderating effect of environmental factors on the relationship between perceived usefulness and intention behaviour was supported. The implication is that the decision-makers of EL should focus on factors that play an influential role in promoting students' use of EL.
KeywordsCOVID-19; e-learning; electronic learning; higher education; technology acceptance model; TAM; Iraqi universities; Smart-PLS technique; educational environment; use of e-learning
ANZSRC Field of Research 20203999. Other Education
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Byline AffiliationsMinistry of Education, Iraqi
University of Thi-Qar, Iraq
University of Southern Queensland
University of Sumer, Iraq
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