Determinants of cancer screenings participation in Queensland: a scoping review

Article


Lui, Paraniala Silas C., Singh, Kamal, Nguyen, Tam, Kurth, Brian, Phan, Thuc, Nelson, Ashleigh, Danisevska, Renata and De Ambrosis, Tony. 2023. "Determinants of cancer screenings participation in Queensland: a scoping review." Journal of Primary Health Care. https://doi.org/10.1071/HC23012
Article Title

Determinants of cancer screenings participation in Queensland: a scoping review

ERA Journal ID41970
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsLui, Paraniala Silas C., Singh, Kamal, Nguyen, Tam, Kurth, Brian, Phan, Thuc, Nelson, Ashleigh, Danisevska, Renata and De Ambrosis, Tony
Journal TitleJournal of Primary Health Care
Number of Pages8
Year2023
PublisherCSIRO Publishing
Place of PublicationAustralia
ISSN1172-6156
1172-6164
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1071/HC23012
Web Address (URL)https://www.publish.csiro.au/hc/HC23012
Abstract

Introduction: Cancer screening programmes for cervical, breast, and colorectal cancer have successfully reduced mortality rates among target groups. However, a large proportion of women and men are unscreened.

Aim: This review aims to provide an overview of the literature regarding the determinants of cancer screening participation among target groups in Queensland.

Methods: Electronic databases were searched for studies on determinants of cancer screening participation in Queensland. Retrieved studies were screened, and eligible articles were selected for data extraction. Both peer-reviewed and grey literature studies were included. The determinants of cancer screening participation were classified according to the I-Change model.

Results: Sixteen out of 75 articles were selected and analysed. Information factors, such as the lack of tailored strategies, determined cancer screening participation. Age, gender, cultural beliefs, fear and past experiences were the most reported predisposing factors to cancer screening participation. Lack of knowledge, misconceptions, low awareness, timely access to service, privacy and confidentiality were mainly reported awareness and motivation factors. Encouragement from health professionals, providing more information and interactions with communities would result in different effects on cancer screening participation among the target groups.

Discussion: The I-Change model is a valuable tool in mapping the current determinants of cancer screening participation programs. Further research may be needed to fully understand the barriers and facilitators of cancer screening programs.

Keywordsbowel cancer; breast screening; cancer screening; cervical scree; determinants; primary healthcare; queensland; target groups
ANZSRC Field of Research 20204299. Other health sciences
Byline AffiliationsCentre for Health Research
Darling Downs Health, Australia
Darling Downs and West Moreton Primary Health Network, Australia
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