Anxiety and depression among patients with thyroid function disorders

Article


Gorkhali, Binu, Sharma, Sita, Amatya, Mrigendra, Acharya, Devaka and Amatya, Mrigendra. 2020. "Anxiety and depression among patients with thyroid function disorders." Journal of Nepal Health Research Council. 18 (3), pp. 373-378. https://doi.org/10.33314/jnhrc.v18i3.2499
Article Title

Anxiety and depression among patients with thyroid function disorders

Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsGorkhali, Binu, Sharma, Sita, Amatya, Mrigendra, Acharya, Devaka and Amatya, Mrigendra
Journal TitleJournal of Nepal Health Research Council
Journal Citation18 (3), pp. 373-378
Number of Pages6
Year2020
PublisherNepal Health Research Council
Place of PublicationNepal
ISSN1727-5482
1999-6217
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.33314/jnhrc.v18i3.2499
Web Address (URL)https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14356/1263
Abstract

Background: Psychiatric comorbidities are common in thyroid disorder patients and complicate patients’ life quality as well as disease management. We aimed to explore prevalence of anxiety and depression and identify associated characteristics among patients with thyroid function disorder.

Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted on 129 thyroid disorder patients aged ?20 years. A semi-structured questionnaire, Beck Anxiety Inventory, and Beck Depression Inventory were used for sociodemographic characteristics, anxiety, and depression respectively. Group differences were compared (Chi square) or correlations were determined (Pearson’s correlation coefficient).

Results: Patients’ mean age was 38.09±12.68 years; most were females (102, 79.1%) and hypothyroid (90, 69.8%). Overall prevalence of anxiety and depression were 50.4% and 42.6% respectively. Anxiety was more prevalent in females (54.9% vs 33.3% in males, p=0.046), low economic status (73.9% vs 35.5% in higher status, p=0.019), and hyperthyroid (64.1% vs 44.4% in hypothyroid, p=0.040). Depression was more prevalent in females (47.1% vs 25.9% in males, p=0.048), Janajati ethnic group (54.8% vs 31.1% in Brahmin-Chhetri, p=0.002), lower economic status (69.6% vs 35.5% in higher status, p=0.016), and hyperthyroid (56.4% vs 36.7% in hypothyroid, p=0.037). Associations with occupation, marital status, family type, religion, and duration of illness were not significant.

Conclusions: Anxiety and depression are highly prevalent among thyroid disorder patients, especially in females, lower economic status, and hyperfunction type thyroid disorder. Management of thyroid disorders should incorporate treatment of anxiety and depression; routine psychiatric screening of the groups with higher prevalence is advisable.

KeywordsAnxiety; depression; prevalence; thyroid function disorders
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020420599. Nursing not elsewhere classified
Byline AffiliationsNepal Institute of Health Sciences, Nepal
Tribhuwan University, Nepal
Nepal Medical College, Nepal
Permalink -

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/z5532/anxiety-and-depression-among-patients-with-thyroid-function-disorders

Download files


Published Version
2499-Manuscript-18827-1-10-20201115.pdf
License: CC BY-NC 4.0
File access level: Anyone

  • 1
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Energy conservation education intervention for people with end-stage kidney disease receiving haemodialysis (EVEREST): protocol for a cluster randomised control trial
Sharma, Sita, Alexander, Kimberly E, Green, Theresa, Wu, Min-Lin (Winnie) and Bonner, Ann. 2022. "Energy conservation education intervention for people with end-stage kidney disease receiving haemodialysis (EVEREST): protocol for a cluster randomised control trial." BMJ Open. 12 (2), p. e056544. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-056544
Energy conservation to manage fatigue: a pragmatic cluster randomised control trial
Sharma, Sita, Bonner, Ann, Wu, Min-Lin (Winnie), Alexander, Kimberly E. and Green, Theresa. 2022. "Energy conservation to manage fatigue: a pragmatic cluster randomised control trial." 2022 Renal Society of Australasia (RSA) Annual Conference . Darwin, Australia 16 - 18 Jun 2022 Australia.
Occupational performance improved by an energy conservation education program: findings from a cluster randomised control trial
Sharma, Sita, Bonner, Ann, Wu, Min-Lin (Winnie), Alexander, Kimberly E and Green, Theresa. 2022. "Occupational performance improved by an energy conservation education program: findings from a cluster randomised control trial." 2022 Renal Society of Australasia (RSA) Annual Conference . Darwin, Australia 16 - 18 Jun 2022 Australia.
How effective is an energy conservation intervention in managing symptoms and improving health-related quality of life in people receiving haemodialysis?
Sharma, Sita, Bonner, Ann, Wu, Min-Lin (Winnie), Alexander, Kimberly E. and Green, Theresa. 2022. "How effective is an energy conservation intervention in managing symptoms and improving health-related quality of life in people receiving haemodialysis?" 2022 Renal Society of Australasia (RSA) Annual Conference . Darwin, Australia 16 - 18 Jun 2022 Australia.
Educational or behavioural interventions for symptoms and health-related quality of life in adults receiving haemodialysis: A systematic review
Sharma, Sita, Green, Theresa, Alexander, Kimberly E. and Bonner, Ann. 2020. "Educational or behavioural interventions for symptoms and health-related quality of life in adults receiving haemodialysis: A systematic review." Journal of Renal Care. 46 (4), pp. 233-249. https://doi.org/10.1111/jorc.12329
Prevalence of dyspnea and its associated factors in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Sharma, Sita and Sharma, Pramod. 2019. "Prevalence of dyspnea and its associated factors in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease." Indian Journal of Respiratory Care . 8 (1), pp. 36-41. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijrc.ijrc_21_18
Prevalence of anxiety and depression In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Sharma, Sita, Shakya, U., Gorkhali, B. and Neupane, S.. 2018. "Prevalence of anxiety and depression In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease." Nepal Medical College Journal. 20 (4), pp. 155-162. https://doi.org/10.3126/nmcj.v20i4.25139