Applications of vision sensing in agriculture

PhD Thesis

Dunn, Mark. 2007. Applications of vision sensing in agriculture. PhD Thesis Doctor of Philosophy. University of Southern Queensland.

Applications of vision sensing in agriculture

TypePhD Thesis
AuthorDunn, Mark
SupervisorBillingsley, John
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Qualification NameDoctor of Philosophy
Number of Pages191

[Abstract]: Machine vision systems in agricultural applications are becoming commonplace as technology becomes both affordable and robust. Applications such as fruit and vegetable grading were amongst the earliest applications, but the field has diversified into areas such as yield monitoring, weed identification and spraying, and tractor guidance.

Machine vision systems generally consist of a number of steps that are similar between applications. These steps include image pre-processing, analysis, and post-
processing. This leads the way towards a generalisation of the systems to an almost ‘colour by number’ methodology where the platform may be consistent between many applications, and only algorithms specific to the application differ.

Shape analysis is an important part of many machine vision applications. Many methods exist for determining existence of particular objects, such as Hough Transforms and statistical matching. A method of describing the outline of objects, called s-ψ (s-psi) offers advantages over other methods in that it reduces a two dimensional object to a series of one dimensional numbers. This graph, or chain, of numbers may be directly manipulated to perform such tasks as determining the convex hull, or template matching.

A machine vision system to automate yield monitoring macadamia harvesting is proposed as a partial solution to the labour shortage problems facing researchers
undertaking macadamia varietal trials in Australia.

A novel method for objectively measuring citrus texture is to measure the shape of a light terminator as the fruit is spun in front of a video camera. A system to accomplish this task is described.

S-psi template matching is used to identify animals to species level in another case study. The system implemented has the capability to identify animals, record video and also open or shut a gate remotely, allowing control over limited resources.

Keywordsmachine vision systems; machine vision; guidance; agriculture; agricultural applciations
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020460304. Computer vision
400999. Electronics, sensors and digital hardware not elsewhere classified
409901. Agricultural engineering
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