Improving high voltage power system performance using arc suppression coils

PhD Thesis


Burgess, Robert Thomas. 2011. Improving high voltage power system performance using arc suppression coils. PhD Thesis Doctor of Philosophy. University of Southern Queensland.
Title

Improving high voltage power system performance
using arc suppression coils

TypePhD Thesis
Authors
AuthorBurgess, Robert Thomas
SupervisorAhfock, Tony
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Qualification NameDoctor of Philosophy
Number of Pages130
Year2011
Abstract

Arc suppression coils provide a low cost method of increasing both the reliability and safety of high voltage transmission and distribution systems. Although the concept is not new, the advent of modern control equipment allows fresh opportunities for them to be used to save lives and to decrease the cost and inconvenience to industry and the community in general that is caused by electricity supply interruptions without incurring large expenditure. Earth fault currents are reduced to almost zero, thus eliminating many short time power supply interruptions and preventing damage to the electricity supply system at the time of the initial fault. Because of the reduction in damage at the time of the fault, many longer duration interruptions are avoided. It is common for live high voltage conductors to be close to the ground and for the fault not to be detected by conventional power system protection equipment. Arc suppression coil systems can detect high impedance earth faults and broken conductors which cannot be detected by conventional protection systems.

There are many system abnormalities which can cause neutral voltages in arc suppression coil systems. The appropriate action to be taken by the protection system depends on the type of system abnormality. The causes of neutral voltages in arc suppression coil systems are analysed and criteria are developed to differentiate between them based on the phase angle and magnitude of the neutral voltage. Fully computerised power system protection systems are now being implemented. These modern protection systems will be able to utilise the criteria developed in this research to take immediate appropriate action based on the neutral voltage caused by the system abnormality.

In existing distribution systems there is a widespread use of two single phase pole mounted auto-transformers connected in open-delta configuration to provide economic in-line three phase voltage regulation. An original method of representing open delta regulators in symmetrical component analyses is developed. It is shown that when open-delta regulators are used in a power system equipped with an arc suppression coil very high voltages can occur. A solution is proposed whereby three single phase pole mounted auto-transformers connected in a closed-delta arrangement are used.

One of the potential problems with these systems is cross country faults caused by the neutral voltage displacement combined with the transient voltages at the time of the initial earth fault. These transient over-voltages are analysed in detail and a method of testing the capability of existing system components to withstand the over-voltages is developed. Simple methods to estimate the transient voltages on overhead power systems are derived. A new method of minimising the transient over-voltages is proposed.

Keywordsarc suppression coils; high voltage power sytems
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020401703. Energy generation, conversion and storage (excl. chemical and electrical)
400803. Electrical energy generation (incl. renewables, excl. photovoltaics)
Byline AffiliationsFaculty of Engineering and Surveying
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Related outputs

The use of voltage regulators in power systems with arc-suppression coils
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Evaluation of neutral voltages in arc suppression coil systems
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