Prevalence of hepatitis B and other infections among pregnant women seen in a referral centre in Brunei Darussalam

Article


Htwe, Ohn, Coates, Patrick Desmond, Krasu, Mary, Tju, Hla, Soe, Ni Ni, Tan, Caroline and Chong, Vui Heng. 2013. "Prevalence of hepatitis B and other infections among pregnant women seen in a referral centre in Brunei Darussalam." Brunei International Medical Journal. 9 (4), pp. 220-226.
Article Title

Prevalence of hepatitis B and other infections among pregnant women seen in a referral centre in Brunei Darussalam

Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsHtwe, Ohn (Author), Coates, Patrick Desmond (Author), Krasu, Mary (Author), Tju, Hla (Author), Soe, Ni Ni (Author), Tan, Caroline (Author) and Chong, Vui Heng (Author)
Journal TitleBrunei International Medical Journal
Journal Citation9 (4), pp. 220-226
Number of Pages7
Year2013
Place of PublicationDarussalam, Brunei
Web Address (URL)http://www.bimjonline.com/Past%20Issues/pastissues.htmHtwe_etal_BIMJ_v9n4_PV.pdf
Abstract

Introduction: Chronic Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are common causes of chronic liver disease. In the Asia-Pacific region, mother to infant transmission (vertical transmission) is the most common mode for HBV. On the other hand, perinatal HCV transmission is relatively low. This epidemiological study assessed the prevalence of HBV and HCV among pregnant women delivering in a tertiary referral centre in Brunei Darussalam. Data also provided information on Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and syphilis infection.
Materials and Methods: All patients who delivered over a 12-month (January 2011 to December 2011) period were included. Patients were routinely tested for HBV, Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), HIV and Venereal Disease Reference Laboratory (VDRL). In-patients (n=125) found to be HBsAg positive, or who did not have any ante-natal care testing, were tested for Hepatitis Be Antigen (HBeAg) and Anti Hepatitis Be Antibody (Anti-HBe Ab) and anti-HCV). Results: The overall prevalence of HBsAg positive was 1.02%, significantly higher among the Chinese (2.4%), indigenous (4.0%) and expatriates (1.5%) than among the Malays (0.8%) (p<0.05 for trend). Among those with HBsAg positive, 22% were found to be positive for HBeAg. The most common identified risk factor for patients was family history of hepatitis B infection (37%). Two patients were positive for HIV (0.04%) and six for VDRL (0.11%). No patient was found to be positive for HCV.
Conclusions: The HBV infection rates among our patients are lower than previously reported but the ethnic differences remain. Of those found to be positive, a fifth was positive for HBeAg. No patients were found to be positive for HCV.

Keywordsantenatal screening; prevalence; risk factors; transmissible infections; viral hepatitis
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020420299. Epidemiology not elsewhere classified
320209. Gastroenterology and hepatology
320211. Infectious diseases
Public Notes

Open access journal.

Byline AffiliationsRIPAS Hospital, Brunei
Department of Psychology
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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