Plant and soil fertility characteristics of different winter wheat fields in the Huan-huai-hai plain of China

Article


Peng, Zhengping, Ma, Shaoyun, Wang, Yanqun, Men, Mingxin, Liu, Yanan, Abawi, Yahya, Xue, Cheng, Zhou, Yapeng and Li, Yanming. 2016. "Plant and soil fertility characteristics of different winter wheat fields in the Huan-huai-hai plain of China." Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B: Soil and Plant Science. 66 (7), pp. 630-639. https://doi.org/10.1080/09064710.2016.1206616
Article Title

Plant and soil fertility characteristics of different winter wheat fields in the Huan-huai-hai plain of China

ERA Journal ID5244
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsPeng, Zhengping (Author), Ma, Shaoyun (Author), Wang, Yanqun (Author), Men, Mingxin (Author), Liu, Yanan (Author), Abawi, Yahya (Author), Xue, Cheng (Author), Zhou, Yapeng (Author) and Li, Yanming (Author)
Journal TitleActa Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B: Soil and Plant Science
Journal Citation66 (7), pp. 630-639
Number of Pages10
Year2016
Place of PublicationSweden
ISSN0906-4710
1651-1913
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/09064710.2016.1206616
Abstract

High-profile nutrient accumulation has caused low nutrient use efficiency and environmental pollution. A total of 140 points in farmers’ wheat fields were investigated and sampled under a typical winter wheat and summer maize rotation system in the Huang-huai-hai Plain of China (HPC). The average wheat yield in the high-yield field is more than 10% relative to the mid-low-yield areas based on historical data. The results showed in the high-yield wheat field the effective spike number was the main yield component, followed by 1000-grain weight. Uptake contents and ratios of N, P2O5 and K2O in the whole wheat plant were also examined. Along the soil depth, organic matter (OM), alkali-hydrolyzable N (AN), available P (AP) and available K (AK) concentration gradually decreased. Soil critical values of AN, AP and AK in the 0–20 cm depth needed to achieve the maximum grain yield were 85.9, 17.7 and 114.2 mg kg−1 calculated by the significant linear-plus-plateau model between wheat grain yield and soil nutrient concentration at harvest, respectively. These results indicated that the rational application of fertilizer based on the soil nutrient supply capacity and residual nutrients in root zone and optimum planting density are key determinants of grain production in the HPC.

Keywordshigh-stable yield; wheat field; soil characteristics; plant nutrient demand; soil critical nutrient value
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020300207. Agricultural systems analysis and modelling
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Byline AffiliationsAgricultural University of Hebei, China
International Centre for Applied Climate Sciences
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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