The energy-absorbing properties of composite tube-reinforced aluminum honeycomb

Article


Al Antali, A., Umer, R., Zhou, J. and Cantwell, W. J.. 2017. "The energy-absorbing properties of composite tube-reinforced aluminum honeycomb." Composite Structures. 176, pp. 630-639. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2017.05.063
Article Title

The energy-absorbing properties of composite tube-reinforced aluminum honeycomb

ERA Journal ID3731
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsAl Antali, A. (Author), Umer, R. (Author), Zhou, J. (Author) and Cantwell, W. J. (Author)
Journal TitleComposite Structures
Journal Citation176, pp. 630-639
Number of Pages10
Year2017
PublisherElsevier
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0263-8223
1879-1085
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2017.05.063
Abstract

This paper investigates the energy-absorbing characteristics of a lightweight honeycomb core containing embedded carbon fibre reinforced plastic (CFRP) tubes. Initial tests are undertaken on the plain aluminum honeycomb material in order to characterize its specific energy absorption (SEA) capability and to identify the prevailing failure mechanisms. Tests are then conducted on honeycomb cores reinforced with increasing numbers of composite tubes in order to establish the influence of varying the density of
the tubular array on the measured SEA. Finally, a series of drop-weight impact tests are conducted in
order to characterize the dynamic response of these materials and assess their overall rate-sensitivity.
Tests on the plain aluminum honeycomb cores resulted in the characteristic plastic wrinkling of the cell
walls, yielding an average value of SEA of 14 kJ/kg. Embedding CFRP tubes into the honeycomb served to
greatly enhance the energy-absorbing properties of the core, with quasi-static values of SEA reaching as
high as 105 kJ/kg. An examination of the failed samples indicated that the previously-observed wrinkling
mode of failure was largely absent, with the composite tubes being reduced to fine debris. Increasing the
areal density of tubes in the honeycomb to relatively high values proved to be counterproductive, due to
unwanted interactions between the individual tubes.
Dynamic tests on the tube-reinforced honeycombs yielded SEA values that exceeded the quasi-static
results with values reaching 112 kJ/kg for a moderately-reinforced core. Given the simplicity of the
preparation process, it is believed that these lightweight structures represent an attractive cost effective energy-absorbing material for use in dynamic applications.

Keywordscomposite tube, reinforced aluminum honeycomb, energy absorption
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020401602. Composite and hybrid materials
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Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Byline AffiliationsKhalifa University, United Arab Emirates
Centre for Future Materials
University of Liverpool, United Kingdom
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