Integrating fish into irrigation infrastructure projects in Myanmar: rice-fish what if…?

Article


Dubois, Mark, Akester, Michael, Leemans, Kimio, Teoh, Shwu Jiau, Stuart, Alexander M., Thant, Aung Myo, San, Su Su, Shein, Nilar, Leh, Mansoor, Moet Moet, Palal and Radanielson, Ando M. 2019. "Integrating fish into irrigation infrastructure projects in Myanmar: rice-fish what if…?" Marine and Freshwater Research. 70 (9), pp. 1229-1240. https://doi.org/10.1071/MF19182
Article Title

Integrating fish into irrigation infrastructure projects in Myanmar: rice-fish what if…?

ERA Journal ID3285
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsDubois, Mark (Author), Akester, Michael (Author), Leemans, Kimio (Author), Teoh, Shwu Jiau (Author), Stuart, Alexander M. (Author), Thant, Aung Myo (Author), San, Su Su (Author), Shein, Nilar (Author), Leh, Mansoor (Author), Moet Moet, Palal (Author) and Radanielson, Ando M (Author)
Journal TitleMarine and Freshwater Research
Journal Citation70 (9), pp. 1229-1240
Number of Pages12
Year2019
Place of PublicationAustralia
ISSN0067-1940
1323-1650
1448-6059
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1071/MF19182
Web Address (URL)https://www.publish.csiro.au/mf/MF19182
Abstract

With rapidly increasing investment in water control infrastructure (WCI) and a recently ratified agriculture development strategy that promotes integrated farming of high-value products such as fish, agricultural production, already fundamental to Myanmar’s economy, will be central to driving the countries’ socioeconomic transformation. Water planners and managers have a unique opportunity to design and manage WCI to incorporate fish and, in so doing, reduce conflicts and optimise the benefits to both people and the ecosystem services upon which they depend. Results from rice–fish culture experimental trials in Myanmar’s Ayeyarwady Delta are providing an evidence base for the importance of integrating fish into WCI, highlighting a range of both environmental and social benefits. By using less than 13% of paddy land area and through best management practices, existing rice productivity is sustained, alongside a 25% increase in economic returns for the same land area from fish. In addition, there are considerably more protein and micronutrients available from the fish produced in the system. Should these farming system innovations be adopted at scale, Myanmar stands to benefit from increased employment, incomes and nutritional value of farm plots (alongside associated reductions in pesticide pollution) and water use benefits.

Keywordslandscape approach; rice–fish systems; sustainable development; water managers
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020410402. Environmental assessment and monitoring
300206. Agricultural spatial analysis and modelling
410406. Natural resource management
300207. Agricultural systems analysis and modelling
300501. Aquaculture
Public Notes

File reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher/author.

Byline AffiliationsDepartment of Fisheries, Myanmar
International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Malaysia
International Rice Research Institute, Indonesia
Ministry of Agriculture Livestock and Irrigation, Myanmar
International Water Management Institute, Laos
International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Myanmar
Centre for Sustainable Agricultural Systems
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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