Effective Utilization of Waste Glass as Cementitious Powder and Construction Sand in Mortar

Article


Wang, Yanru, Cao, Yubin, Zhang, Peng and Ma, Yuwei. 2020. "Effective Utilization of Waste Glass as Cementitious Powder and Construction Sand in Mortar." Materials. 13 (3), pp. 1-21. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13030707
Article Title

Effective Utilization of Waste Glass as Cementitious Powder and Construction Sand in Mortar

ERA Journal ID123663
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsWang, Yanru (Author), Cao, Yubin (Author), Zhang, Peng (Author) and Ma, Yuwei (Author)
Journal TitleMaterials
Journal Citation13 (3), pp. 1-21
Article Number707
Number of Pages22
Year2020
PublisherMDPI AG
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN1996-1944
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13030707
Web Address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1944/13/3/707
Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the availability of waste glass as alternative materials in sustainable constructions. Collected waste glass was ground into waste glass powder (WGP) with similar particle size distribution as Portland cement (PC) and waste glass sand (WGS) with similar grade as sand. The compressive strength was investigated through the Taguchi test to evaluate the effect of different parameters on WGP-blended mortar, which include WG-replacement rate (G/B, 0, 10%, 20%, 30%), water/binder ratio (w/b, 0.35. 0.40, 0.50, 0.60), cementitious material dosage (Cpaste, 420, 450, 480, 500 kg/m3), and color of powder (green (G) and colorless (C)). The alkali–silica reaction (ASR) expansion risk of WGS-blended mortar was assessed. The experimental results indicated that WGP after 0.5 h grinding could be used as substituted cement in mortar and help to release potential ASR expansion. The replacement rate played a dominant role on strength at both the early or long-term age. The water/binder ratio of 0.35 was beneficial to the compressive strength at three days and 0.50 was better for strength at 60 and 90 days. An optimal value of cementitious material dosage (450 Kg/m3) exited in view of its strength, while the effect of the color of WG was minor. WGS could be graded as standard construction sand and no ASR expansion risk was found even for 100% replacement of regular sand in mortar. Through the comprehensive reuse of waste glass, this study could provide basic knowledge and a concept for the sustainable development of building materials.

Keywordswaste glass powder; waste glass sand; alkali–silica reaction; active SiO2
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400505. Construction materials
Byline AffiliationsCentre for Future Materials
Qingdao University of Science and Technology, China
Guangzhou University, China
Open access urlhttps://www.mdpi.com/1996-1944/13/3/707
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Permalink -

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/q5936/effective-utilization-of-waste-glass-as-cementitious-powder-and-construction-sand-in-mortar

Download files


Published Version
materials-13-00707.pdf
License: CC BY 4.0
File access level: Anyone

  • 114
    total views
  • 144
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Intrinsic sulfuric acid resistance of C-(N)-A-S-H and N-A-S-H gels produced by alkali-activation of synthetic calcium aluminosilicate precursors
Wang, Yanru, Cao, Yubin, Zhang, Zuhua, Zhang, Peng, Ma, Yuwei, Wang, Aiguo and Wang, Hao. 2023. "Intrinsic sulfuric acid resistance of C-(N)-A-S-H and N-A-S-H gels produced by alkali-activation of synthetic calcium aluminosilicate precursors." Cement and Concrete Research. 165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2022.107068
Assessment of the performance of alkali-activated slag/fly ash using liquid and solid activators: early-age properties and efflorescence
Gong, Jihao, Ma, Yuwei, Wang, Yanru, Cao, Yubin, Fu, Jiyang and Wang, Hao. 2023. "Assessment of the performance of alkali-activated slag/fly ash using liquid and solid activators: early-age properties and efflorescence." Journal of Sustainable Cement-Based Materials. https://doi.org/10.1080/21650373.2023.2266837
Thermal stability of limestone calcined clay cement (LC3) at moderate temperatures 100–400 °C
Cao, Yubin, Wang, Yanru, Zhang, Zuhu, Ma, Yuwei and Wang, Hao. 2023. "Thermal stability of limestone calcined clay cement (LC3) at moderate temperatures 100–400 °C ." Cement and Concrete Composites. 135, pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2022.104832
Oral care measures for preventing nursing home-acquired pneumonia (Review)
Cao, Yubin, Liu, Chang, Lin, Jie, Ng, Linda, Needleman, Ian, Walsh, Tanya and Li, Chunjie. 2022. "Oral care measures for preventing nursing home-acquired pneumonia (Review)." Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2022 (11), pp. 1-46. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012416.pub3
Study of acidic degradation of alkali-activated materials using synthetic C-(N)-A-S-H and N-A-S-H gels
Wang, Yanru, Cao, Yubin, Zhang, Zuhua, Huang, Jizhong, Zhang, Peng, Ma, Yuwei and Wang, Hao. 2022. "Study of acidic degradation of alkali-activated materials using synthetic C-(N)-A-S-H and N-A-S-H gels." Composites Part B: Engineering. 230, pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2021.109510
Relationship between microstructure of AgCl film and electrochemical behavior of Ag|AgCl electrode for chloride detection
Zhang, Zhangmin, Hu, Jie, Wang, Yangyang, Shi, Ruichao, Ma, Yuwei, Huang, Haoliang, Wang, Hao, Wei, Jiangxiong and Yu, Qijun. 2021. "Relationship between microstructure of AgCl film and electrochemical behavior of Ag|AgCl electrode for chloride detection." Corrosion Science. 184, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2021.109393
Corrosion behavior of the reinforcement in chloride-contaminated alkali-activated fly ash pore solution
Zhang, Zhangmin, Chen, Rui, Hu, Jie, Wang, Yangyang, Huang, Haoliang, Ma, Yuwei, Zhang, Zuhua, Wang, Hao, Yin, Suhong, Wei, Jiangxiong and Yu, Qijun. 2021. "Corrosion behavior of the reinforcement in chloride-contaminated alkali-activated fly ash pore solution." Composites Part B: Engineering. 224, pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2021.109215
Surface characteristics and electrochemical behaviors of passive reinforcing steel in alkali-activated slag
Wang, Yangyang, Chen, Rui, Hu, Jie, Zhang, Zhangmin, Huang, Haoliang, Ma, Yuwei, Wei, Jiangxiong, Zhang, Zuhua, Yin, Suhong, Wang, Hao and Yu, Qijun. 2021. "Surface characteristics and electrochemical behaviors of passive reinforcing steel in alkali-activated slag." Corrosion Science. 190, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2021.109657
Chloride diffusion in alkali-activated fly ash/slag concretes: Role of slag content, water/binder ratio, alkali content and sand-aggregate ratio
Zhang, Jingxiao, Ma, Yuwei, Zheng, Jiazheng, Hu, Jie, Fu, Jiyang, Zhang, Zuhua and Wang, Hao. 2020. "Chloride diffusion in alkali-activated fly ash/slag concretes: Role of slag content, water/binder ratio, alkali content and sand-aggregate ratio." Construction and Building Materials. 261, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.119940
Optimization on the piezoresistivity of alkali-activated fly ash/slag mortar by using conductive aggregates and carbon fibers
Ma, Yuwei, Liu, Weisen, Hu, Jie, Fu, Jiyang, Zhang, Zuhua and Wang, Hao. 2020. "Optimization on the piezoresistivity of alkali-activated fly ash/slag mortar by using conductive aggregates and carbon fibers." Cement and Concrete Composites. 114, pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2020.103735
Fresh and hardened properties of alkali-activated fly ash/slag binders: effect of fly ash source, surface area, and additives
Wang, Yanru, Cao, Yubin, Ma, Yuwei, Xiao, Shanshan, Hu, Jie and Wang, Hao. 2021. "Fresh and hardened properties of alkali-activated fly ash/slag binders: effect of fly ash source, surface area, and additives." Journal of Sustainable Cement-Based Materials. https://doi.org/10.1080/21650373.2021.1932637
Turning sandstone clay into supplementary cementitious material: activation and pozzolanic reactivity evaluation
Cao, Yubin, Wang, Yanru, Zhang, Zuhua, Ma, Yuwei and Wang, Hao. 2021. "Turning sandstone clay into supplementary cementitious material: activation and pozzolanic reactivity evaluation." Composites Part B: Engineering. 223, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2021.109137
Recent progress of utilization of activated kaolinitic clay in cementitious construction materials
Cao, Yubin, Wang, Yanru, Zhang, Zuhua, Ma, Yuwei and Wang, Hao. 2021. "Recent progress of utilization of activated kaolinitic clay in cementitious construction materials." Composites Part B: Engineering. 211, pp. 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2021.108636
Influence of Elevated Temperatures and Cooling Method on the Microstructure Development and Phase Evolution of Alkali-Activated Slag
Fu, Hua, Mo, Rui, Wang, Penggang, Wang, Yanru, Cao, Yubin, Guang, Wentao and Ding, Yao. 2022. "Influence of Elevated Temperatures and Cooling Method on the Microstructure Development and Phase Evolution of Alkali-Activated Slag." Materials. 15 (6). https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15062022
Recycled sand from sandstone waste: A new source of high-quality fine aggregate
Cao, Yubin, Wang, Yanru, Zhang, Zuhua and Wang, Hao. 2022. "Recycled sand from sandstone waste: A new source of high-quality fine aggregate ." Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 179, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2021.106116
Acid degradation of alkali-activated materials
Wang, Yanru. 2022. Acid degradation of alkali-activated materials. PhD by Publication Doctor of Philosophy. University of Southern Queensland. https://doi.org/10.26192/w8w85
Investigation of sandstone by-products as supplementary cementitious materials and fine aggregate
Cao, Yubin. 2022. Investigation of sandstone by-products as supplementary cementitious materials and fine aggregate. PhD by Publication Doctor of Philosophy (DPHD). University of Southern Queensland. https://doi.org/10.26192/w8w6z
Effect of the Sodium Silicate Modulus and Slag Content on Fresh and Hardened Properties of Alkali-Activated Fly Ash/Slag
Ouyang, Xiaowei, Ma, Yuwei, Liu, Ziyang, Liang, Jianjun and Ye, Guang. 2019. "Effect of the Sodium Silicate Modulus and Slag Content on Fresh and Hardened Properties of Alkali-Activated Fly Ash/Slag." Minerals. 10 (1), pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.3390/min10010015
A comparative study on the pore structure of alkali-activated fly ash evaluated by mercury intrusion porosimetry, N2 adsorption and image analysis
Ma, Y., Wang, G., Ye, G. and Hu, J.. 2018. "A comparative study on the pore structure of alkali-activated fly ash evaluated by mercury intrusion porosimetry, N2 adsorption and image analysis." Journal of Materials Science. 53 (8), pp. 5958-5972. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-017-1965-x
Drying shrinkage of alkali-activated fly ash/slag blended system
Wang, Guisheng and Ma, Yuwei. 2018. "Drying shrinkage of alkali-activated fly ash/slag blended system." Journal of Sustainable Cement-Based Materials. 7 (4), pp. 203-213. https://doi.org/10.1080/21650373.2018.1471424
Preparation and piezoresistive properties of carbon fiber-reinforced alkali-activated fly ash/slag mortar
Deng, L., Ma, Y., Hu, J., Yin, S., Ouyang, X., Fu, J., Liu, A. and Zhang, Z.. 2019. "Preparation and piezoresistive properties of carbon fiber-reinforced alkali-activated fly ash/slag mortar." Construction and Building Materials. 222, pp. 738-749. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.06.134
Accurate determination of the 'time-zero' of autogenous shrinkage in alkali-activated fly ash/slag system
Ma, Y., Yang, X., Hu, J., Zhang, Z. and Wang, H.. 2019. "Accurate determination of the 'time-zero' of autogenous shrinkage in alkali-activated fly ash/slag system." Composites Part B: Engineering. 177, pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2019.107367
Characterization of the passive film formed on the reinforcement surface in alkali activated fly ash: surface analysis and electrochemical evaluation
Chen, Rui, Hu, Jie, Ma, Yuwei, Guo, Wenhao, Huang, Haoliang, Wei, Jiangxiong, Yin, Suhong and Yu, Qijun. 2020. "Characterization of the passive film formed on the reinforcement surface in alkali activated fly ash: surface analysis and electrochemical evaluation." Corrosion Science. 165, pp. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2019.108393
Water absorption and chloride diffusivity of concrete under the coupling effect of uniaxial compressive load and freeze-thaw cycles
Wang, Yanru, Cao, Yubin, Zhang, Peng, Ma, Yuwei, Zhao, Tiejun, Wang, Hao and Zhang, Zuhua. 2019. "Water absorption and chloride diffusivity of concrete under the coupling effect of uniaxial compressive load and freeze-thaw cycles." Construction and Building Materials. 209, pp. 566-576. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.03.091
Oral care measures for preventing nursing home‐acquired pneumonia
Liu, Chang, Cao, Yubin, Ng, Linda, Lin, Jie, Needleman, Ian, Walsh, Tanya and Li, Chunjie. 2018. "Oral care measures for preventing nursing home‐acquired pneumonia." Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2018 (9), pp. 1-44. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012416.pub2