Improving China’s Resilience to Climate-Related Risks: The China Framework for Climate Services

Article


Wang, Yujie, Song, Lianchun, Hewitt, Chris, Golding, Nicola and Huang, Zili. 2020. "Improving China’s Resilience to Climate-Related Risks: The China Framework for Climate Services." Weather, Climate and Society. 12 (4), pp. 729-744. https://doi.org/10.1175/WCAS-D-19-0121.1
Article Title

Improving China’s Resilience to Climate-Related Risks: The China Framework for Climate Services

ERA Journal ID122991
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsWang, Yujie (Author), Song, Lianchun (Author), Hewitt, Chris (Author), Golding, Nicola (Author) and Huang, Zili (Author)
Journal TitleWeather, Climate and Society
Journal Citation12 (4), pp. 729-744
Number of Pages16
Year2020
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN1948-8327
1948-8335
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1175/WCAS-D-19-0121.1
Web Address (URL)https://journals.ametsoc.org/view/journals/wcas/12/4/WCAS-D-19-0121.1.xml
Abstract

The primary needs for climate services in China, in the form of climate information for decision-making, are to better prepare for and manage meteorological-related disasters, adaptation to climate change, and sustainable development. In this paper, the vision, structure, content, and governance of the China Framework for Climate Services, which is designed to respond to these primary needs, is described. This paper reflects on practice, lessons, and experience developing and delivering climate services in China for disaster risk reduction, agriculture, water, energy, urbanization, and major engineering projects. Four key aspects of successful climate services are highlighted: the transition of climate research to operational climate services; delivering relevant, tailored, and usable climate information; effective engagement between users and providers of climate services; and building interdisciplinary professional teams. Key challenges and opportunities for climate services are recognized in this paper: a growing gap between climate science and services capability and societal need, a lack of awareness in user communities of the climate service value for their activities, and the important need for closer and more meaningful interactions between users and providers of climate services. The delivery and uptake of high-quality, relevant, usable, and effective climate services will facilitate climate-smart decisions that will reduce climate risks and improve Chinese societal resilience.

KeywordsAsia; climate change; climate prediction; climate variability; climatology; climate services
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020410199. Climate change impacts and adaptation not elsewhere classified
Byline AffiliationsNanjing University of Information Science and Technology, China
China Meteorological Administration, China
University of Southern Queensland
Met Office, United Kingdom
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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