Making Society Climate Resilient: International Progress under the Global Framework for Climate Services

Article


Hewitt, C. D., Allis, E., Mason, S. J., Muth, M., Pulwarty, R., Shumake-Guillemot, J., Bucher, A., Brunet, M., Fischer, A. M., Hama, A. M., Kolli, R. K., Lucio, F., Ndiaye, O. and Tapia, B.. 2020. "Making Society Climate Resilient: International Progress under the Global Framework for Climate Services." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 101 (2), pp. 237-252. https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0211.1
Article Title

Making Society Climate Resilient: International Progress under the Global Framework for Climate Services

ERA Journal ID1961
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsHewitt, C. D. (Author), Allis, E. (Author), Mason, S. J. (Author), Muth, M. (Author), Pulwarty, R. (Author), Shumake-Guillemot, J. (Author), Bucher, A. (Author), Brunet, M. (Author), Fischer, A. M. (Author), Hama, A. M. (Author), Kolli, R. K. (Author), Lucio, F. (Author), Ndiaye, O. (Author) and Tapia, B. (Author)
Journal TitleBulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Journal Citation101 (2), pp. 237-252
Number of Pages16
Year2020
PublisherAmerican Meteorological Society
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN0003-0007
1520-0477
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0211.1
Web Address (URL)https://journals.ametsoc.org/view/journals/bams/101/2/bams-d-18-0211.1.xml
Abstract

There is growing awareness among governments, businesses, and the general public of risks arising from changes to our climate on time scales from months through to decades. Some climatic changes could be unprecedented in their harmful socioeconomic impacts, while others with adequate forewarning and planning could offer benefits. There is therefore a pressing need for decision-makers, including policy-makers, to have access to and to use high-quality, accessible, relevant, and credible climate information about the past, present, and future to help make better-informed decisions and policies. We refer to the provision and use of such information as climate services. Established programs of research and operational activities are improving observations and climate monitoring, our understanding of climate processes, climate variability and change, and predictions and projections of the future climate. Delivering climate information (including data and knowledge) in a way that is usable and useful for decision-makers has had less attention, and society has yet to optimally benefit from the available information. While weather services routinely help weather-sensitive decision-making, similar services for decisions on longer time scales are less well established. Many organizations are now actively developing climate services, and a growing number of decision-makers are keen to benefit from such services. This article describes progress made over the past decade developing, delivering, and using climate services, in particular from the worldwide effort galvanizing around the Global Framework for Climate Services under the coordination of UN agencies. The article highlights challenges in making further progress and proposes potential new directions to address such challenges.

Keywordsclimate change; climate services; climate information; decision-makers; policy-makers; Global Framework for Climate Services
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020410199. Climate change impacts and adaptation not elsewhere classified
Byline AffiliationsMet Office, United Kingdom
World Meteorological Organization, Switzerland
International Research Institute for Climate and Society, United States
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, United States
World Bank Group, United States
University of Rovira i Virgili, Spain
Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology, Switzerland
National Agency of Civil Aviation and Meteorology, Senegal 
Meterological Directorate of Chile
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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