Unlocking pre-1850 instrumental meteorological records: a global inventory

Article


Bronnimann, Stefan, Allan, Rob, Ashcroft, Linden, Baer, Saba, Barriendos, Mariano, Brazdil, Rudolf, Brugnara, Yuri, Brunet, Manola, Brunetti, Michele, Chimani, Barbara, Cornes, Richard, Dominguez-Castro, Fernando, Filipiak, Janusz, Founda, Dimitra, Garcia Herrera, Ricardo, Gergis, Joelle, Grab, Stefan, Hannak, Lisa, Huhtamaa, Heli, ..., Wyszynski, Przemysław. 2019. "Unlocking pre-1850 instrumental meteorological records: a global inventory." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 100 (12), pp. ES389-ES413. https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-19-00
Article Title

Unlocking pre-1850 instrumental meteorological records: a global inventory

ERA Journal ID1961
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsBronnimann, Stefan (Author), Allan, Rob (Author), Ashcroft, Linden (Author), Baer, Saba (Author), Barriendos, Mariano (Author), Brazdil, Rudolf (Author), Brugnara, Yuri (Author), Brunet, Manola (Author), Brunetti, Michele (Author), Chimani, Barbara (Author), Cornes, Richard (Author), Dominguez-Castro, Fernando (Author), Filipiak, Janusz (Author), Founda, Dimitra (Author), Garcia Herrera, Ricardo (Author), Gergis, Joelle (Author), Grab, Stefan (Author), Hannak, Lisa (Author), Huhtamaa, Heli (Author), Jacobsen, Kim S. (Author), Jones, Phil (Author), Jourdain, Sylvie (Author), Kiss, Andrea (Author), Lin, Kuanhui Elaine (Author), Lorrey, Andrew (Author), Lundstad, Elin (Author), Luterbacher, Jurg (Author), Mauelshagen, Franz (Author), Maugeri, Maurizio (Author), Maughan, Nicolas (Author), Moberg, Anders (Author), Neukom, Raphael (Author), Nicholson, Sharon (Author), Noone, Simon (Author), Nordli, Oyvind (Author), Olafsdottir, Kristin Bjorg (Author), Pearce, Petra (Author), Pfister, Lucas (Author), Pribyl, Kathleen (Author), Przybylak, Rajmund (Author), Pudmenzky, Christa (Author), Rasol, Dubravka (Author), Reichenbach, Delia (Author), Reznickova, Ladislava (Author), Rodrigo, Fernando S. (Author), Rohr, Christian (Author), Skrynyk, Oleg (Author), Slonosky, Victoria (Author), Thorne, Peter (Author), Valente, Maria Antónia (Author), Vaquero, Jose M. (Author), Westcott, Nancy E. (Author), Williamson, Fiona (Author) and Wyszynski, Przemysław (Author)
Journal TitleBulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Journal Citation100 (12), pp. ES389-ES413
Number of Pages62
Year2019
PublisherAmerican Meteorological Society
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN0003-0007
1520-0477
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-19-00
Web Address (URL)https://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0040.1
Abstract

A global inventory of early instrumental meteorological measurements is compiled. It comprises thousands of series, many of which have not been digitized, pointing to the potential of weather data rescue.

Instrumental meteorological measurements from periods prior to the start of national weather services are designated “early instrumental data”. They have played an important role in climate research as they allow daily-to-decadal variability and changes of temperature, pressure, and precipitation, including extremes, to be addressed. Early instrumental data can also help place 21st century climatic changes into a historical context such as to define pre-industrial climate and its variability. Until recently, the focus was on long, high-quality series, while the large number of shorter series (which together also cover long periods) received little to no attention. The shift in climate and climate impact research from mean climate characteristics towards weather variability and extremes, as well as the success of historical reanalyses which make use of short series, generates a need for locating and exploring further early instrumental measurements. However, information on early instrumental series has never been electronically compiled on a global scale. Here we attempt a worldwide compilation of metadata on early instrumental meteorological records prior to 1850 (1890 for Africa and the Arctic). Our global inventory comprises information on several thousand records, about half of which have not yet been digitized (not even as monthly means), and only approximately 20% of which have made it to global repositories. The inventory will help to prioritize data rescue efforts and can be used to analyze the potential feasibility of historical weather data products. The inventory will be maintained as a living document and is a first, critical, step towards the systematic rescue and re-evaluation of these highly valuable early records. Additions to the inventory are welcomed.

ANZSRC Field of Research 2020419999. Other environmental sciences not elsewhere classified
370108. Meteorology
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Bern, Switzerland
Met Office, United Kingdom
University of Melbourne
University of Barcelona, Spain
Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic
University of Rovira i Virgili, Spain
Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Italy
Central Institute for Meterology and Geodynamics, Austria
National Oceanography Centre, United Kingdom
Pyrenean Ecology Institute, Spain
University of Gdansk, Poland
National Observatory of Athens, Greece
Complutense University of Madrid, Spain
Australian National University
University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
German Meteorological Service
Royal Museum for Central Africa, Belgium
University of East Anglia, United Kingdom
Meteo France, France
Vienna University of Technology, Austria
National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan
National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, New Zealand
Justus Liebig-University Giessen, Germany
University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany
University of Milan, Italy
Aix-Marseille University, France
Stockholm University, Sweden
Florida State University, United States
Maynooth University, Ireland
Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Norway
Icelandic Meteorological Office, Iceland
Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland
Centre for Applied Climate Sciences
Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service, Croatia
Masaryk University, Czech Republic
University of Almeria, Spain
Ukrainian Hydrometeorological Institute, Ukraine
McGill University, Canada
University of Lisbon, Portugal
University Centre of Merida, Spain
University of Illinois, United States
Singapore Management University
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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