Coercive diplomacy and the Iranian nuclear crisis

Article


Harris, Benjamin. 2020. "Coercive diplomacy and the Iranian nuclear crisis." International Negotiation: A Journal of Theory and Practice. 26 (2), pp. 218-244. https://doi.org/10.1163/15718069-BJA10008
Article Title

Coercive diplomacy and the Iranian nuclear crisis

ERA Journal ID39910
Article CategoryArticle
Authors
AuthorHarris, Benjamin
Journal TitleInternational Negotiation: A Journal of Theory and Practice
Journal Citation26 (2), pp. 218-244
Number of Pages27
Year2020
Place of PublicationNetherlands
ISSN1382-340X
1571-8069
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1163/15718069-BJA10008
Web Address (URL)https://brill.com/view/journals/iner/26/2/article-p218_3.xml
Abstract

Coercive diplomacy was utilized by a coalition of the United States, United Kingdom, France, Russia, China and Germany (collectively known as the P5+1) to negotiate an end to the Iranian nuclear crisis from 2002–2013. Eventually, this approach culminated in the Geneva interim agreement and the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action in November 2013 and October 2015, respectively. This article charts the course of the P5+1’s coercive diplomacy efforts against Iran and demonstrates that coercive diplomacy pressured Iran to a point where the cost of continued resistance was too high to continue enduring. It shows that a combination of factors succeeded after 11 years of a coercive diplomacy strategy. These findings will have implications for policymaking and academia, as it is a rare illustration of successful, coalitional coercive diplomacy.

Keywordscoercion; crisis management; coalitional diplomacy; nuclear crisis; leadership; incentives
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020440808. International relations
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of the Sunshine Coast
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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