Embodied energy and CO2 emissions of life cycle assessment (LCA) in the traditional and contemporary Iranian construction systems

Article


Pakdel, Ali, Ayatollahi, Hossein and Sattary, Sattar. 2021. "Embodied energy and CO2 emissions of life cycle assessment (LCA) in the traditional and contemporary Iranian construction systems." Journal of Building Engineering. 39, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2021.102310
Article Title

Embodied energy and CO2 emissions of life cycle assessment (LCA) in the traditional and contemporary Iranian construction systems

ERA Journal ID210809
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsPakdel, Ali, Ayatollahi, Hossein and Sattary, Sattar
Journal TitleJournal of Building Engineering
Journal Citation39, pp. 1-12
Article Number102310
Number of Pages12
Year2021
PublisherElsevier
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN2352-7102
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2021.102310
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352710221001662
Abstract

The Iranian building sector is the second contributor in energy consumption and carbon emissions. While the conventional construction systems and industrial building material in this industry are exacerbating the situation, the use of traditional techniques and earthen sustainable materials are left out. This paper seeks to unravel the environmental benefits of using traditional techniques, and earthen materials in the context of Yazd city. To do this, embodied and the operational energy and carbon emissions are selected to be investigated. Using LCA methodology, embodied and operational energy and carbon emissions of a pilot passive building which is built by Traditional Techniques and Materials (TTM) is compared with a building constructed by conventional systems and materials (CSM). Based on the results, the embodied energy and carbon emissions of TTM is 2.86 GJ/m2 and 220 kg CO2 eq/m2 which shows 43% and 48% decrease compared to CSM, respectively. Also the operational energy and carbon emissions are 0.35 GJ/m2 and 68.25 kg CO2 eq/m2 which are 88% and 81% lower than those of CSM, respectively. The main conclusion of this study is that due to the short life span of buildings in Iran, the impact of embodied energy on the life cycle of both TTM and CSM is significant, Moreover, the embodied energy constitute a larger share in TTM overall life cycle energy (89.1%). By comparing TTM and CSM, it is also concluded that the traditional techniques and earthen materials could have a profound impact on the overall life cycle energy and carbon emissions.

KeywordsCarbon emissions; Embodied energy; Iranian construction systems; LCA; Operational energy
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Byline AffiliationsYazd University, Iran
School of Surveying and Built Environment
Library Services
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