Arsenic-induced oxidative stress in Brassica oleracea: Multivariate and literature data analyses of physiological parameters, applied levels and plant organ type

Article


Natasha, Shahid, Muhammad Shahid, Khalid, Sana, Bibi, Irshad, Khalid, Samina, Masood, Nasir, Qaisrani, Saeed Ahmad, Niazi, Nabeel Khan and Dumat, Camille. 2022. "Arsenic-induced oxidative stress in Brassica oleracea: Multivariate and literature data analyses of physiological parameters, applied levels and plant organ type." Environmental Geochemistry and Health: official journal of the Society for Environmental Geochemistry and Health. 44 (6), pp. 1827-1839. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-021-01093-9
Article Title

Arsenic-induced oxidative stress in Brassica oleracea: Multivariate and literature data analyses of physiological parameters, applied levels and plant organ type

ERA Journal ID36373
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsNatasha, Shahid, Muhammad Shahid, Khalid, Sana, Bibi, Irshad, Khalid, Samina, Masood, Nasir, Qaisrani, Saeed Ahmad, Niazi, Nabeel Khan and Dumat, Camille
Journal TitleEnvironmental Geochemistry and Health: official journal of the Society for Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Journal Citation44 (6), pp. 1827-1839
Number of Pages13
Year2022
PublisherSpringer
Place of PublicationNetherlands
ISSN0269-4042
1573-2983
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-021-01093-9
Web Address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10653-021-01093-9
Abstract

Plant redox homeostasis governs the uptake, toxicity and tolerance mechanism of toxic trace elements and thereby elucidates the remediation potential of a plant. Moreover, plant toxicity/tolerance mechanisms control the trace element compartmentation in edible and non-edible plant organs as well as the associated health hazards. Therefore, it is imperative to unravel the cellular mechanism involved in trace element toxicity and tolerance. The present study investigated the toxicity and tolerance/detoxification mechanisms of four levels of arsenic (As(III): 0, 5, 25 and 125 µM) in Brassica oleracea under hydroponic cultivation. Increasing As levels significantly decreased the pigment contents (up to 68%) of B. oleracea. Plants under As stress showed an increase in H2O2 contents (up to 32%) in roots while a decrease (up to 72%) in leaves because As is mostly retained in plant roots, while less is translocated toward the shoot, as evident from the literature. Arsenic treatments caused lipid peroxidation both in the root and leaf cells. Against As-induced oxidative stress, B. oleracea plants mediated an increase in the activities of peroxidase and catalase. Contradictory, the ascorbate peroxidase and superoxide dismutase activities slightly decreased in the As-stressed plants. In conclusion and as evident from the literature data analysis, As exposure (especially high level, 125 µM) caused pigment toxicity and oxidative burst in B. oleracea. The ability of B. oleracea to tolerate As-induced toxicity greatly varied with applied treatment levels (As-125 being more toxic than lower levels), plant organ type (more toxicity in leaves than roots) and physiological response parameter (pigment contents more sensitive than other response variables). Moreover, the multivariate statistical analysis appeared to be a useful method to estimate plant response under stress and trace significant trends in the data set.

KeywordsAntioxidant enzymes ; Phytoremediation; Arsenic ; Brassica oleracea ; Oxidative damage; Redox homeostasis
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Byline AffiliationsCOMSATS University Islamabad, Pakistan
University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
University of Toulouse, France
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