Use of agricultural bio-wastes to remove arsenic from contaminated water

Article


Shabbir, Zunaira, Shahid, Muhammad, Natasha, Khalid, Sana, Khalid, Samina, Imran, Muhammad, Qureshi, Muhammad Imran and Niazi, Nabeel Kha. 2023. "Use of agricultural bio-wastes to remove arsenic from contaminated water." Environmental Geochemistry and Health: official journal of the Society for Environmental Geochemistry and Health. 45 (8), pp. 5703-5712. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-020-00782-1
Article Title

Use of agricultural bio-wastes to remove arsenic from contaminated water

ERA Journal ID36373
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsShabbir, Zunaira, Shahid, Muhammad, Natasha, Khalid, Sana, Khalid, Samina, Imran, Muhammad, Qureshi, Muhammad Imran and Niazi, Nabeel Kha
Journal TitleEnvironmental Geochemistry and Health: official journal of the Society for Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Journal Citation45 (8), pp. 5703-5712
Number of Pages10
Year2023
PublisherSpringer
Place of PublicationNetherlands
ISSN0269-4042
1573-2983
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-020-00782-1
Web Address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10653-020-00782-1
AbstractArsenic (As) is a highly toxic metalloid. High As levels have been recorded in groundwater aquifers at a global scale. This study investigated As level in groundwater of District Vehari and assessed the potential of different agricultural by-products (sugarcane bagasse, cottonseed hulls, soybean hulls, corncobs and rice husk) to remove As from water. The study was carried out in two steps. In the first step, a total of 38 groundwater samples were obtained from Vehari. Groundwater samples were analyzed for total As contents and physicochemical parameters. Results indicated that As content ranged from below detection limit to 49 µg/L in the groundwater samples. The values of hazard quotient and cancer risk were up to 1.5 and 0.0004, respectively, which delineated severe risk of As poisoning. During the second step, six As-contaminated groundwater samples (total As contents: 49, 40, 29, 24, 18, 16 µg/L) were selected to remove As using agricultural by-products. Furthermore, four As solutions (200, 100, 50 and 25 µg/L) were prepared in the laboratory. Results revealed that corncobs and soybean hulls removed, respectively, 98% and 71% As from aqueous mediums after 120 min. Moreover, agricultural by-products were less effective in removing As from groundwater samples than synthetic solutions. The adsorption/removal capacity of by-products was lower at low initial As concentration compared to high initial levels, which needs further studies to explore the underlying mechanisms. Overall, the As removal efficiency of agriculture by-products differed significantly with respect to initial As level, contamination category, type of agricultural by-products and interaction duration. Therefore, these aspects need to be optimized before the possible use of an agricultural by-product as a potential biosorbent. © 2020, Springer Nature B.V.
KeywordsAgriculture biosorbents; Arsenic; Drinking water; Agriculture biosorbents ; Remediation; Risk assessment
ANZSRC Field of Research 20203099. Other agricultural, veterinary and food sciences
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Byline AffiliationsCOMSATS University Islamabad, Pakistan
University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
University of Southern Queensland
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