Participation measures for infants and toddlers aged birth to 23 months: A systematic review

Article


Mobbs, Chelsea A., Spittle, Alicia and Johnston, Leanne M.. 2021. "Participation measures for infants and toddlers aged birth to 23 months: A systematic review." Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics. 41 (6), pp. 567-589. https://doi.org/10.1080/01942638.2021.1900488
Article Title

Participation measures for infants and toddlers aged birth to 23 months: A systematic review

ERA Journal ID16759
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsMobbs, Chelsea A., Spittle, Alicia and Johnston, Leanne M.
Journal TitlePhysical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
Journal Citation41 (6), pp. 567-589
Number of Pages23
Year2021
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN0194-2638
1541-3144
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/01942638.2021.1900488
Web Address (URL)https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01942638.2021.1900488
Abstract

Aims
Participation is a key health outcome; however little is known specifically about how to measure participation of infants and toddlers. The aim of this review was to identify and examine the psychometric properties of participation measures for infants and toddlers aged birth to 23 months according to family of Participation-Related Constructs (fPRC).

Methods
Four electronic databases were searched to identify (i) measures available in English, (ii) that quantify at least one participation concept of ‘attendance’ and/or ‘involvement’ according to the fPRC, (iii) with psychometric data for infants or toddlers aged from birth to 23 months published in a full text, peer reviewed journal. Psychometric quality was examined using the COSMIN checklist.

Results
Four measures met the inclusion criteria: Child Engagement in Daily Life (CEDL) measure, Daily Activities of Infants Scale (DAIS), Test of Playfulness (ToP), and Young Children’s Participation and Environment Measure (YC-PEM). All measured ‘attendance’ and three also measured ‘involvement’. Measures showed unknown to moderate validity and unknown to moderate reliability, with the CEDL reporting the strongest psychometric properties.

Conclusion
There are few measures that evaluate infant and toddler participation. Further research is needed to develop psychometrically sound participation measures that evaluate ‘attendance’ and ‘involvement’ for this population.

KeywordsParticipation; infants; toddlers; measures; assessments; family of participation related constructs
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020321302. Infant and child health
420106. Physiotherapy
Public Notes

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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Queensland
University of Melbourne
Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Victoria
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