Perceptions of co-design, co-development and co-delivery (Co-3D) as part of the co-production process – Insights for climate services

Article


Fleming, A., Bohensky, E., Dutra, L.X.C., Lin, B.B., Melbourne-Thomas, J., Moore, T., Stone-Jovicich, S., Tozer, C., Clarke, J.M., Donegan, L., Hopkins, M., Merson, S., Remenyi, T., Swirepik, A. and Vertigan, C.. 2023. "Perceptions of co-design, co-development and co-delivery (Co-3D) as part of the co-production process – Insights for climate services." Climate Services. 30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cliser.2023.100364
Article Title

Perceptions of co-design, co-development and co-delivery (Co-3D) as part of the co-production process – Insights for climate services

ERA Journal ID212081
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsFleming, A., Bohensky, E., Dutra, L.X.C., Lin, B.B., Melbourne-Thomas, J., Moore, T., Stone-Jovicich, S., Tozer, C., Clarke, J.M., Donegan, L., Hopkins, M., Merson, S., Remenyi, T., Swirepik, A. and Vertigan, C.
Journal TitleClimate Services
Journal Citation30
Article Number100364
Number of Pages10
Year2023
PublisherElsevier BV
Place of PublicationNetherlands
ISSN2405-8807
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cliser.2023.100364
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405880723000250
AbstractCo-design, co-development, and co-delivery (Co-3D for short) are activities within the co-production research pathway that are increasingly being used in climate change science and adaptation projects. However, the research community is still coming to understand how best to incorporate Co-3D in practice, as each project has a specific context around stakeholder relationships, governance arrangements, and capacity to actively participate. This paper outlines five case studies from Australia as examples of different projects engaging with Co-3D in different ways in order to explore how Co-3D is being used and might be improved. Crucially, we include the perceptions and experiences of researchers, funders and end users, as well as our own critical reflections. Each of the projects self-describes as using ‘co-production’, but the extent and format varies widely with different combinations of co-design, co-development and/or co-delivery used in each. Our findings show that without clear understanding of Co-3D within the co-production process, aspects of Co-3D may not be properly considered in planning or implementation. Co-3D activities are not completely distinct, rather they form a continuum of engagement and integration across phases of project work. Thus, the specific definitions and delineations between these terms may not be required for them to be applied. However, practical and explicit negotiation of what ‘co-production’ means in different project contexts is needed so that all parties understand their roles and responsibilities. Further, more evaluations of outcomes and stakeholder experiences are required. We provide seven principles of Co-3D that should be considered when embarking on co-production projects.
KeywordsAustralia; Co-design ; Co-production ; Collaboration; Case study ; Participatory research
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 20203702. Climate change science
Byline AffiliationsCommonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia
Fremantle Prison, Australia
Centre for Applied Climate Sciences
Parks Victoria, Australia
University of Tasmania
Department of Climate Change, Energy, the Environment and Water, Canberra
Port Arthur Historic Site Management Authority, Australia
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