Testing the Validity and Reliability of the Barriers to Home Bowel Cancer Screening Scale

Masters Thesis

Roe, Corina Galicher. 2023. Testing the Validity and Reliability of the Barriers to Home Bowel Cancer Screening Scale. Masters Thesis Master of Science (Research). University of Southern Queensland. https://doi.org/10.26192/z3vw0

Testing the Validity and Reliability of the Barriers to Home Bowel Cancer Screening Scale

TypeMasters Thesis
AuthorsRoe, Corina Galicher
1. FirstA/Pr Michael Ireland
2. SecondDr Belinda Goodwin
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Qualification NameMaster of Science (Research)
Number of Pages177
PublisherUniversity of Southern Queensland
Place of PublicationAustralia
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.26192/z3vw0

The purpose of this research is part of a USQ larger teamwork effort lead by Belinda Goodwin and Michael Ireland to improve outcomes in Home Bowel Cancer screening within the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP) to eligible Australians.
Objective: This particular thesis focuses on assessing the validity and reliability of a psychometric tool called Barriers to Bowel Cancer screening Scale (hereon BB-CanS) for measuring common barriers to home bowel cancer screening in a larger novel sample, via mailed kits dispensed to eligible Australians through the NBCSP.
Methods: Forty-nine items measuring barriers to bowel cancer screening, identified through the literature, and qualitative and quantitative research in the derivation study were presented to a large sample (N = 1158) of Australian NBCSP recipients age (50-74 years old). Invitees’ previous screening information and demographic information was also gathered. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to assess whether the factor structure, construct validity and internal reliability of the scale remained stable in the current sample.
Results: The ‘good model fit’ of the BB-Cans confirmed in the current sample (RMSEA = .034, RMSEA 90% CI [.032, .036], CFI = .972, TLI = .970, SRMR = .058). Consistent with original scale results, four clear barrier types to screening (factors) were confirmed, namely disgust for the process of screening, avoidance of test outcomes, practical ii difficulties (or challenges), and the need for greater autonomy. The BB-CanS also includes three stand-alone items corresponding to the most commonly-cited barriers to screening (screening outside of the program, lack of planning, misplacing the kit) in addition to the four clear and highly-correlated barrier types cited above. The scale was further refined in an effort to improve fit, with the removal of seven items; therefore a 39-item scale was retained as a final version (RMSEA = .029, RMSEA 90% CI [.027, .032], CFI = .982, TLI = .981, SRMR = .050). The 39-item brief version of the scale confirmed the scale’s construct validity across age and gender groups.
Conclusions: The BB-CanS is a valid and reliable scale and the findings support the results of the 2021 derivation study by Goodwin and colleagues. Findings of the current study call to apply multi‐faceted intervention strategies that address the broad range of barrier types covered by the four factors, as opt-out NBCSP participants reported significantly higher ratings across all barriers. This thesis’ findings will inform the strategies design and planning of the ongoing/future initiatives that focus on promoting NBCSP participation.

Keywordsbowel cancer screening; colorectal cancer screening; cancer prevention; FOBT; scale development; risk factors; confirmatory factor analysis; psycho-oncolog; population health
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520399. Clinical and health psychology not elsewhere classified
420603. Health promotion
Public Notes

Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.

Byline AffiliationsSchool of Psychology and Wellbeing
Permalink -


Restricted files

Published Version

  • 17
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as