Women's vulnerability to HIV/AIDS: a global examination

Paper


Hayes, Anna. 2007. "Women's vulnerability to HIV/AIDS: a global examination." Albion, Majella J. and Collins, Pauline (ed.) 2007 International Women's Conference: Education, Employment and Everything... theTriple Layers of a Woman's Life. Toowoomba, Australia 26 - 29 Sep 2007 Toowoomba, Australia.
Paper/Presentation Title

Women's vulnerability to HIV/AIDS: a global examination

Presentation TypePaper
Authors
AuthorHayes, Anna
EditorsAlbion, Majella J. and Collins, Pauline
Journal or Proceedings TitleRefereed Proceedings of the 2007 International Women’s Conference: Education, Employment and Everything... the Triple Layers of a Woman's Life
Number of Pages5
Year2007
Place of PublicationToowoomba, Australia
ISBN9781921420009
Web Address (URL) of Paperhttp://eprints.usq.edu.au/3321/2/Albion_Collins_eds_IWC_Proceedings_2007.pdf
Conference/Event2007 International Women's Conference: Education, Employment and Everything... theTriple Layers of a Woman's Life
Event Details
2007 International Women's Conference: Education, Employment and Everything... theTriple Layers of a Woman's Life
Event Date
26 to end of 29 Sep 2007
Event Location
Toowoomba, Australia
Abstract

In addition to physiological risks, women worldwide face a number of unique vulnerabilities to HIV/AIDS, which are the result of gender inequality. Therefore, in order to adequately respond to HIV/AIDS, such inequalities must be included as an integral part of HIV/AIDS prevention campaigns. This paper establishes a framework called the ‘Gender and HIV/AIDS Vulnerability Matrix’, which can be used to assess the unique vulnerabilities to HIV/AIDS transmission faced by women globally, regionally or nationally. The matrix considers the influence of gender roles on women’s vulnerability to HIV, and identifies enabling environments that help facilitate transmission of the virus to women. The key areas of HIV/AIDS vulnerability considered by the matrix not only encompasses gender roles such sexual health, reproduction and STI knowledge, but also issues such as sexual passivity and aggression and sexual promiscuity. In addition, enabling environments, that is, the social, cultural, economic and political environment of the state, are also explored.

Therefore, the specific focus of this paper is to use the ‘Gender and HIV/AIDS Vulnerability Matrix’ to identify the social, cultural, economic and political factors that make women more vulnerable to HIV transmission than their male counterparts. The matrix is also a useful tool in determining what vulnerabilities are ‘shared vulnerabilities’ that is, those that transcend national, social and cultural boundaries, from those that are nationally, socially and culturally specific. Clearly, such information will be useful in combating the spread of HIV/AIDS globally, as well as tackling HIV/AIDS regionally or nationally.

KeywordsHIV/AIDS; gender inequality; HIV vulnerability; gender roles; enabling environments
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020440599. Gender studies not elsewhere classified
420299. Epidemiology not elsewhere classified
Public Notes

Copyright is retained by the author.

Byline AffiliationsDepartment of Humanities and International Studies
Department of Psychology
University of Southern Queensland
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