Individuals and groups outside of the state system

Edited book (chapter)


Hayes, Anna. 2013. "Individuals and groups outside of the state system." Lautensach, Alexander K. and Lautensach, Sabina W. (ed.) Human security in world affairs: problems and opportunities. Vienna, Austria. Caesarpress. pp. 113-138
Chapter Title

Individuals and groups outside of the state system

Book Chapter CategoryEdited book (chapter)
Book TitleHuman security in world affairs: problems and opportunities
Authors
AuthorHayes, Anna
EditorsLautensach, Alexander K. and Lautensach, Sabina W.
Page Range113-138
Chapter Number6
Number of Pages26
Year2013
PublisherCaesarpress
Place of PublicationVienna, Austria
ISBN9783902890009
Abstract

In this chapter the security status of individuals and groups outside of the state system is examined. The chapter begins with an examination of statelessness and its drivers. It then examines the extent and causes of the global refugee crisis, illustrated by case examples from the global north and the global south. Within this discussion, the chapter also explores the relatively new phenomenon of environmental refugees, and how climate change could cause an increase in forced migration as vulnerable populations are forced to leave their home locales due to climatic changes. In doing so it discusses the precarious situation of environmental refugees, who are still not recognised under the UNHCR definition of a refugee. The chapter then considers vastly different individuals and groups outside of the state system to those mentioned above, namely alienated citizens and terrorists. Avenues leading to the alienation of the citizen from the state are described, including roads towards terrorism and the possible effects of anti-terrorism legislation and strategies on the status of individuals. Case examples from current issues are discussed throughout the chapter.

Keywordsrefugees; asylum seekers; human security; terrorism; alienated citizens; Timothy McVeigh; Anders Breivik; Wafa Idris
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020440303. Migration
489999. Other law and legal studies not elsewhere classified
440808. International relations
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Byline AffiliationsSchool of Humanities and Communication
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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