HIV/AIDS in Xinjiang: a serious 'ill' in an 'autonomous' region

Article


Hayes, Anna. 2012. "HIV/AIDS in Xinjiang: a serious 'ill' in an 'autonomous' region." International Journal of Asia: Pacific Studies. 8 (1), pp. 77-102.
Article Title

HIV/AIDS in Xinjiang: a serious 'ill' in an 'autonomous' region

ERA Journal ID21404
Article CategoryArticle
Authors
AuthorHayes, Anna
EditorsYu, Haiqing
Journal TitleInternational Journal of Asia: Pacific Studies
Journal Citation8 (1), pp. 77-102
Number of Pages26
Year2012
Place of PublicationPinang, Malaysia
ISSN1823-6243
Web Address (URL)http://web.usm.my/ijaps/articles/Art4-77-102.pdf
Abstract

This paper investigates the sociographic history of HIV/AIDS in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China (PRC). Xinjiang is China's largest province and it is located in north-west China. It is home to a number of different minority nationalities as well as increasing numbers of Han Chinese migrants to the region. Xinjiang is also home to a serious HIV/AIDS epidemic and was one of the first areas to be significantly affected by HIV in China. The serious nature of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Xinjiang, combined with growing concerns by Xinjiang locals that the Chinese government is not doing enough to combat HIV/AIDS among minority nationalities in the region, has the potential to increase regional tensions and provide further fuel to the tinder box
that is ethnic relations in Xinjiang. While for the most part, tensions in the region have been focused around separatism and minority rights, HIV/AIDS poses an enormous threat to security within the region due to its ability to strip economic gains and reverse social developments made there over the past few decades and its potential to exact a huge toll in human life. Xinjiang is an important region for China due to both its wealth of natural resources and its strategic capacity as a buffer region between the PRC and Central Asian states. However, an everburgeoning HIV/AIDS pandemic in the region threatens to destabilise China's grand plan for this north-western province if its HIV/AIDS epidemic continues to grow.

KeywordsHIV/AIDS; Uyghurs; minority nationalities; Han Chinese; ethnic relations
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020440706. Health policy
380108. Health economics
441013. Sociology of migration, ethnicity and multiculturalism
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Byline AffiliationsSchool of Humanities and Communication
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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