The growth response of Alternanthera philoxeroides in a simulated post-combustion emission with ultrahigh [CO2] and acidic pollutants

Article


Xu, Cheng-Yuan, Griffin, Kevin L., Blazier, John C., Craig, Elizabeth C., Gilbert, Dominique S., Sritrairat, Sanpisa, Anderson, O. Roger, Castaldi, Marco J. and Beaumont, Larry. 2009. "The growth response of Alternanthera philoxeroides in a simulated post-combustion emission with ultrahigh [CO2] and acidic pollutants." Environmental Pollution. 157 (7), pp. 2118-2125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2009.02.013
Article Title

The growth response of Alternanthera philoxeroides in a simulated post-combustion emission with ultrahigh [CO2] and acidic pollutants

ERA Journal ID5823
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsXu, Cheng-Yuan (Author), Griffin, Kevin L. (Author), Blazier, John C. (Author), Craig, Elizabeth C. (Author), Gilbert, Dominique S. (Author), Sritrairat, Sanpisa (Author), Anderson, O. Roger (Author), Castaldi, Marco J. (Author) and Beaumont, Larry (Author)
Journal TitleEnvironmental Pollution
Journal Citation157 (7), pp. 2118-2125
Number of Pages8
Year2009
PublisherElsevier
Place of PublicationOxford, United Kingdom
ISSN0269-7491
1873-6424
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2009.02.013
Abstract

Although post-combustion emissions from power plants are a major source of air pollution, they contain excess CO2 that could be used to fertilize commercial greenhouses and stimulate plant growth. We addressed the combined effects of ultrahigh [CO2] and acidic pollutants in flue gas on the growth of Alternanthera philoxeroides. When acidic pollutants were excluded, the biomass yield of A. philoxeroides saturated near 2000 mmol mol1 [CO2] with doubled biomass accumulation relative to the ambient control. The growth enhancement was maintained at 5000 mmol mol1 [CO2], but declined when [CO2]rose above 1%, in association with a strong photosynthetic inhibition. Although acidic components (SO2 and NO2) significantly offset the CO2 enhancement, the aboveground yield increased considerably when the concentration of pollutants was moderate (200 times dilution). Our results indicate that using excess CO2 from the power plant emissions to optimize growth in commercial green house could be viable.

Keywordsgreenhouse; elevated CO2; SO2; NO2; flue gas; Alternanthera philoxeroides
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020310303. Ecological physiology
410102. Ecological impacts of climate change and ecological adaptation
400401. Carbon capture engineering (excl. sequestration)
Public Notes

Crown Copyright © 2009. Published version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.

Byline AffiliationsColumbia University, United States
Energy Answers, United States
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