Age-related decline of stand biomass accumulation is primarily due to mortality and not to reduction in NPP associated with individual tree physiology, tree growth or stand structure in a Quercus-dominated forest

Article


Xu, Cheng-Yuan, Turnbull, Matthew H., Tissue, David T., Lewis, James D., Carson, Rob, Schuster, William S. F., Whitehead, David, Walcroft, Adrian S., Li, Jinbao and Griffin, Kevin L.. 2012. "Age-related decline of stand biomass accumulation is primarily due to mortality and not to reduction in NPP associated with individual tree physiology, tree growth or stand structure in a Quercus-dominated forest ." Journal of Ecology. 100 (2), pp. 428-440. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2011.01933.x
Article Title

Age-related decline of stand biomass accumulation is primarily due to mortality and not to reduction in NPP associated with individual tree physiology, tree growth or stand structure in a Quercus-dominated forest

ERA Journal ID3272
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsXu, Cheng-Yuan (Author), Turnbull, Matthew H. (Author), Tissue, David T. (Author), Lewis, James D. (Author), Carson, Rob (Author), Schuster, William S. F. (Author), Whitehead, David (Author), Walcroft, Adrian S. (Author), Li, Jinbao (Author) and Griffin, Kevin L. (Author)
Journal TitleJournal of Ecology
Journal Citation100 (2), pp. 428-440
Number of Pages13
Year2012
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Place of PublicationOxford, United Kingdom
ISSN0022-0477
1365-2745
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2011.01933.x
Web Address (URL)http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2011.01933.x/pdf
Abstract

Age-related reductions in stand biomass accumulation are frequently observed in old-growth forests. The phenomenon may be caused by reduced production, increased mortality or both. The relative importance of production and mortality is not well studied, so the mechanisms controlling age-related decline of stand biomass accumulation remain unclear. In this study, conducted in a Quercus-dominated deciduous forest in the Northeastern USA, we examined whether age-related decline in stand above-ground biomass (AGB) accumulation could be explained by reduction of above-ground net primary production (NPP) (growth of surviving trees) that may be associated with (i) physiological constraints within individual trees or (ii) changes in stand structure, or by (iii) age-related, increasing tree mortality in stands up to 135years old. Few previous studies have tested these hypotheses simultaneously within the same forest. We did not find evidence for a reduction in individual tree growth associated with age-related physiological constraints, in terms of foliar carbon assimilation capacity, photosynthesis/respiration balance, nitrogen availability or hydraulic constraints on carbon gain. Over the period of 1937-2006, we did not observe alterations in stand structure, and the above-ground NPP of the Quercus forest was generally stable. However, we did find that the primary mechanism driving age-related decline of stand AGB accumulation was biomass loss due to the death of large, dominant trees. Our results indicate that shifts in mortality from the loss of small trees to the loss of large trees, rather than changes in above-ground NPP, drives age-related decline in stand AGB accumulation in this forest. Synthesis.We found that within the range of stand development stages analysed, the age-related decline of stand AGB accumulation in a Quercus-dominated forest was primarily due to mortality of large, dominant trees and not due to changes in above-ground NPP associated with tree physiology, individual tree growth or stand structure. This result indicates that tree demography and the influence of climate change on disturbances may need to be integrated into models to predict the change of above-ground carbon stock of some old-growth forests.

Keywordscarbon sequestration; disturbance; ecophysiology; growth dominance; hydraulic limitation; net primary productivity; nitrogen; photosynthesis; respiration; temperate deciduous forest
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020310806. Plant physiology
410101. Carbon sequestration science
300705. Forestry biomass and bioproducts
Public Notes

Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.

Byline AffiliationsDepartment of Biological and Physical Sciences
University of Canterbury, New Zealand
University of Western Sydney
Columbia University, United States
Black Rock Forest Consortium, United States
Manaaki Whenua – Landcare Research, New Zealand
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Permalink -

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/q1929/age-related-decline-of-stand-biomass-accumulation-is-primarily-due-to-mortality-and-not-to-reduction-in-npp-associated-with-individual-tree-physiology-tree-growth-or-stand-structure-in-a-quercus

  • 1767
    total views
  • 9
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Prepare the next generation for changes: education programs of climate change adaptation at the University of Southern Queensland
Xu, C. and Ribbe, J.. 2010. "Prepare the next generation for changes: education programs of climate change adaptation at the University of Southern Queensland." Climate Adaptation Futures: Preparing for the Unavoidable Impacts of Climate Change (2010). Gold Coast, Australia 29 Jun - 01 Jul 2010 Brisbane, Australia.
Leaf structural characteristics are less important than leaf chemical properties in determining the response of leaf mass per area and photosynthesis of Eucalyptus saligna to industrial-age changes in [CO 2] and temperature
Xu, Cheng-Yuan, Salih, Anya, Ghannoum, Oula and Tissue, David T.. 2012. "Leaf structural characteristics are less important than leaf chemical properties in determining the response of leaf mass per area and photosynthesis of Eucalyptus saligna to industrial-age changes in [CO 2] and temperature." Journal of Experimental Botany. 63 (16), pp. 5829-5841. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/ers231
Determining the growth responses of phyla canescens to shoot and root damage as a platform to better-informed weed-management decisions
Julien, M. H., Xu, C.-Y., Bourne, A., Gellender, M. and De Clerck-Floate, R.. 2012. "Determining the growth responses of phyla canescens to shoot and root damage as a platform to better-informed weed-management decisions ." Australian Journal of Botany. 60 (4), pp. 310-318. https://doi.org/10.1071/BT11205
Dendrochronological potential of Japanese Barberry (Berberis Thunbergii): a case study in the Black Rock Forest, New York
Li, Jinbao, Xu, Cheng-Yuan, Griffin, Kevin L. and Schuster, W. S. F.. 2008. "Dendrochronological potential of Japanese Barberry (Berberis Thunbergii): a case study in the Black Rock Forest, New York." Tree-Ring Research. 64 (2), pp. 115-124.
Effects of clonal integration and light availability on the growth and physiology of two invasive herbs
Xu, Cheng-Yuan, Schooler, Shon S. and van Klinken, Rieks D.. 2010. "Effects of clonal integration and light availability on the growth and physiology of two invasive herbs." Journal of Ecology. 98 (4), pp. 833-844. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2010.01668.x
The growth response of Alternanthera philoxeroides in a simulated post-combustion emission with ultrahigh [CO2] and acidic pollutants
Xu, Cheng-Yuan, Griffin, Kevin L., Blazier, John C., Craig, Elizabeth C., Gilbert, Dominique S., Sritrairat, Sanpisa, Anderson, O. Roger, Castaldi, Marco J. and Beaumont, Larry. 2009. "The growth response of Alternanthera philoxeroides in a simulated post-combustion emission with ultrahigh [CO2] and acidic pollutants." Environmental Pollution. 157 (7), pp. 2118-2125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2009.02.013
Phenotypic divergence during the invasion of phyla canescens in Australia and France: evidence for selection-driven evolution
Xu, Cheng-Yuan, Julien, Mic H., Fatemi, Mohammed, Girod, Christophe, van Klinken, Rieks D., Gross, Caroline L. and Novak, Stephen J.. 2010. "Phenotypic divergence during the invasion of phyla canescens in Australia and France: evidence for selection-driven evolution." Ecology Letters. 13 (1), pp. 32-44. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2009.01395.x
Phenotypic plasticity rather than locally adapted ecotypes allows the invasive alligator weed to colonize a wide range of habitats
Geng, Yu-Peng, Pan, Xiao-Yun, Xu, Cheng-Yuan, Zhang, Wen-Ju, Li, Bo, Chen, Jia-Kuan, Lu, Bao-Rong and Song, Zhi-Ping. 2007. "Phenotypic plasticity rather than locally adapted ecotypes allows the invasive alligator weed to colonize a wide range of habitats." Biological Invasions. 9 (3), pp. 245-256. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-006-9029-1
Plasticity and ontogenetic drift of biomass allocation in response to above- and below-ground resource availabilities in perennial herbs: a case study of Alternanthera philoxeroides
Geng, Yu-Peng, Pan, Xiao-Yun, Xu, Cheng-Yuan, Zhang, Wen-Ju, Li, Bo and Chen, Jia-Kuan. 2007. "Plasticity and ontogenetic drift of biomass allocation in response to above- and below-ground resource availabilities in perennial herbs: a case study of Alternanthera philoxeroides." Ecological Research. 22 (2). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11284-006-0017-9
Phenotypic plasticity of invasive Alternanthera philoxeroides in relation to different water availability, compared to its native congener
Geng, Yu-Peng, Pan, Xiao-Yun, Xu, Cheng-Yuan, Zhang, Wen-Ju, Li, Bo and Chen, Jia-Kuan. 2006. "Phenotypic plasticity of invasive Alternanthera philoxeroides in relation to different water availability, compared to its native congener." Acta Oecologica. 30 (3), pp. 380-385. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actao.2006.07.002
Leaf phenology and seasonal variation of photosynthesis of invasive Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) and two co-occurring native understory shrubs in a northeastern United States deciduous forest
Xu, Cheng-Yuan, Griffin, Kevin L. and Schuster, W. S. F.. 2007. "Leaf phenology and seasonal variation of photosynthesis of invasive Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) and two co-occurring native understory shrubs in a northeastern United States deciduous forest." Oecologia. 154 (1), pp. 11-21. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-007-0807-y
Seasonal variation of temperature response of respiration in invasive Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) and two co-occurring native understory shrubs in a northeastern US deciduous forest
Xu, Cheng-Yuan, Schuster, W. S. F. and Griffin, Kevin L.. 2007. "Seasonal variation of temperature response of respiration in invasive Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) and two co-occurring native understory shrubs in a northeastern US deciduous forest." Oecologia. 153 (4), pp. 809-819. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-007-0790-3
Seasonal variation in the temperature response of leaf respiration in Quercus rubra: foliage respiration and leaf properties
Xu, C.-Y. and Griffin, K. L.. 2006. "Seasonal variation in the temperature response of leaf respiration in Quercus rubra: foliage respiration and leaf properties." Functional Ecology. 20, pp. 778-789. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2006.01161.x
Leaf respiratory CO2 is 13C-enriched relative to leaf organic components in five species of C3 plants
Xu, Cheng-Yuan, Lin, Guang-Hui, Griffin, Kevin L. and Sambrotto, Raymond N.. 2004. "Leaf respiratory CO2 is 13C-enriched relative to leaf organic components in five species of C3 plants." New Phytologist. 163 (3), pp. 499-505. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2004.01153.x
Scaling foliar respiration to the stand level through the growing season in a Quercus rubra forest
Xu, Cheng-Yuan and Griffin, Kevin L.. 2008. "Scaling foliar respiration to the stand level through the growing season in a Quercus rubra forest." Tree Physiology: an international botanical journal. 28, pp. 637-646.
Cost-effectiveness of leaf energy and resource investment of invasive Berberis thunbergii and co-occurring native shrubs
Boyd, Jennifer Nagel, Xu, Cheng-Yuan and Griffin, Kevin L.. 2009. "Cost-effectiveness of leaf energy and resource investment of invasive Berberis thunbergii and co-occurring native shrubs." Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 39 (11), pp. 2109-2118. https://doi.org/10.1139/X09-128
Genetic diversity of alligator weed in China by RAPD analysis
Xu, Cheng-Yuan, Zhang, Wen-Ju, Fu, Cui-Zhang and Lu, Bao-Rong. 2003. "Genetic diversity of alligator weed in China by RAPD analysis ." Biodiversity and Conservation. 12 (4), pp. 637-645. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022453129662