Cost-effectiveness of leaf energy and resource investment of invasive Berberis thunbergii and co-occurring native shrubs

Article


Boyd, Jennifer Nagel, Xu, Cheng-Yuan and Griffin, Kevin L.. 2009. "Cost-effectiveness of leaf energy and resource investment of invasive Berberis thunbergii and co-occurring native shrubs." Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 39 (11), pp. 2109-2118. https://doi.org/10.1139/X09-128
Article Title

Cost-effectiveness of leaf energy and resource investment of invasive Berberis thunbergii and co-occurring native shrubs

ERA Journal ID5668
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsBoyd, Jennifer Nagel (Author), Xu, Cheng-Yuan (Author) and Griffin, Kevin L. (Author)
Journal TitleCanadian Journal of Forest Research
Journal Citation39 (11), pp. 2109-2118
Number of Pages10
Year2009
Place of PublicationOttawa, Canada
ISSN0045-5067
1208-6037
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1139/X09-128
Abstract

Photosynthetic energy gain and biomass energy and resource investment represent trade-offs between potential enhancements and limitations to plant productivity, respectively. We compared these characteristics in the exotic invasive Berberis thunbergii DC. with that of co-occurring natives Kalmia latifolia L. and Vaccinium corymbosum L. in a northeastern United States forest. We hypothesized that invasion by B. thunbergii could be facilitated by a lower leaf construction cost (CC) and reduced leaf nitrogen content (N) relative to photosynthetic rate (A) and maximum photosynthetic capacity (Amax), which would afford it greater energy-use efficiency (EUE) and nitrogen-use efficiency (NUE), and maximums of these variables (EUEmax and NUEmax), compared with native shrubs. Although B. thunbergii and K. latifolia exhibited similar peak-season A and Amax, EUE, EUEmax, and NUEmax were greater in B. thunbergii, which exhibited lower leaf CC and density. In contrast, EUE, EUEmax, NUE, and NUEmax did not differ between B. thunbergii and V. corymbosum given their similar A, Amax, and area-based leaf CC and leaf N. Considered with leaf phenology, our results suggest two distinct physiological mechanisms could influence B. thunbergii invasion. Specifically, deciduous B. thunbergii exhibited greater cost-effectiveness than evergreen K. latifolia, while a longer payback time for photosynthetic energy gain could offset instantaneous similarities in cost-effectiveness of earlier leafing B. thunbergii and deciduous V. corymbosum.

KeywordsBerberis thunbergii; Kalmia latifolia; Vaccinium corymbosum; photosynthetic energy
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020410202. Biosecurity science and invasive species ecology
310303. Ecological physiology
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Byline AffiliationsColumbia University, United States
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