Optimal design of wireless monitoring system in mountain citrus orchard and improvement monitoring

Article


Xu, Xing, Hong, Tiansheng, Yue, Xuejun, Lin, Tao, Cai, Kun and Liu, Yong. 2013. "Optimal design of wireless monitoring system in mountain citrus orchard and improvement monitoring." Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering . 29 (11), pp. 147-155. https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2013.11.019
Article Title

Optimal design of wireless monitoring system in mountain citrus orchard and improvement monitoring

ERA Journal ID201666
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsXu, Xing (Author), Hong, Tiansheng (Author), Yue, Xuejun (Author), Lin, Tao (Author), Cai, Kun (Author) and Liu, Yong (Author)
Journal TitleTransactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering
Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering (Nongye Gongcheng Xuebao)
Journal Citation29 (11), pp. 147-155
Number of Pages9
Year2013
Place of PublicationBeijing, China
ISSN1002-6819
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2013.11.019
Web Address (URL)http://www.oriprobe.com/journals/nygcxb.html
Abstract

In order to monitor in real time the growth environment of a mountain citrus orchard and its variation with spatio-temporal and weather status, the optimal design and evaluation of a wireless monitoring system in a mountain citrus orchard was introduced in this paper. The wireless monitoring system is comprised of end nodes used for obtaining citrus growth environment information including air temperature, air humidity, soil moisture and light; router nodes used to relay citrus growth environment information; and a network coordinator, which performs functions such as managing the nodes, collecting and analyzing the data received from the end nodes, and connecting as a gateway for remote data access. CC2530 is adopted as the core processor of the monitoring system; it has the capability of wireless communication and central processing. The optimal design was introduced in this system including information frame structure suitable for a mountain orchard environment, bidirectional instruction control function, topology discovery, routing monitoring mechanism and node information diversification collection mechanism, so as to effectively enhance the robustness and controllability of monitoring the citrus orchard environment. In this paper, the citrus orchard in the subtropical garden of SCAU (South China Agriculture University) was selected for the test. The orchard hill has sloping terrain; citrus trees are planted by terraced distribution. The average slope is 20 degrees, the citrus trees have a height of 2.8m, their shrub diameters are 3m, and the average spacing of citrus plants is 2.8m. The citrus orchard wireless channel was measured in citrus orchard, and the wireless channel model was established through blocking factor and rain attenuation factor, it was used to guide the evaluation of the wireless monitoring network. Experimental results of RSSI (Receiver Signal Strength Index) and communication quality under different distances and climates show that reliable collection and transmission were available in the mountain citrus orchard when the wireless system was deployed with an antenna height of 1.5m and a maximum single-hop communications distance of 30m. Continuous 744h online test results show that the optimized wireless monitoring system improved the transmission success rate; it has a success rate of at least 99.12% for data transmission within the 30m distance. The system ran well, worked stably, and was suitable for the remote, real-time monitoring of the citrus growth environment in a mountainous orchard.

Keywordsenvironmental testing; models; mountain citrus orchard; optimization; wireless sensor network
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400999. Electronics, sensors and digital hardware not elsewhere classified
300207. Agricultural systems analysis and modelling
400608. Wireless communication systems and technologies (incl. microwave and millimetrewave)
Byline AffiliationsSouth China Agricultural University, China
Faculty of Engineering and Surveying
Ministry of Education, China
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Permalink -

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/q2018/optimal-design-of-wireless-monitoring-system-in-mountain-citrus-orchard-and-improvement-monitoring

  • 1847
    total views
  • 7
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Potassium content prediction model of citrus leaves in different phenological period
Huang, Shuangping, Yue, Xuejun, Hong, Tiansheng, Wu, Weibin and Li, Yunyu. 2013. "Potassium content prediction model of citrus leaves in different phenological period ." Journal of Jiangsu University (Natural Science Edition) . 34 (5), pp. 529-535. https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1671-7775.2013.05.007
Hyperspectral estimation model of total phosphorus content for citrus leaves
Huang, Shuangping, Hong, Tiansheng, Yue, Xuejun, Wu, Weibin, Cai, Kun and Li, Yunyu. 2013. "Hyperspectral estimation model of total phosphorus content for citrus leaves ." Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery. 44 (4), pp. 202-207+195. https://doi.org/10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2013.04.035
WSN layout experiment based on radio frequency propagation tests in citrus orchard
Yue, Xuejun, Wang, Yefu, Hong, Tiansheng, Xu, Xing, Liu, Yongxin and Zhang, Zongjie. 2013. "WSN layout experiment based on radio frequency propagation tests in citrus orchard." Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery. 44 (5), pp. 213-218. https://doi.org/10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2013.05.037
Multiple regression analysis of citrus leaf nitrogen content using hyperspectral technology
Huang, Shuangping, Hong, Tiansheng, Yue, Xuejun, Wu, Weibin, Cai, Kun and Xu, Xing. 2013. "Multiple regression analysis of citrus leaf nitrogen content using hyperspectral technology ." Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering . 29 (5), pp. 132-138. https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2013.05.018
Design of soil moisture sensor based on phase-frequency characteristics of RC networks
Cai, Kun, Yue, Xuejun, Hong, Tiansheng, Xu, Xing and Huang, Shuangping. 2013. "Design of soil moisture sensor based on phase-frequency characteristics of RC networks ." Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering . 29 (7), pp. 36-43. https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2013.07.005
High performance micro CO sensors based on ZnO-SnO2 composite nanofibers with anti-humidity characteristics
Yue, Xue-Jun, Hong, Tian-Sheng, Xiang, Wei, Cai, Kun and Xu, Xing. 2012. "High performance micro CO sensors based on ZnO-SnO2 composite nanofibers with anti-humidity characteristics." Chinese Physics Letters. 29 (12), pp. 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1088/0256-307X/29/12/120702
Physicochemical characteristics and biotoxicity of water-soluble acid mine wastes from the Dabaoshan mining district
Wu, Yong-gui, Lin, Chu-xia, Liu, Yong and Lu, Wen-zhou. 2007. "Physicochemical characteristics and biotoxicity of water-soluble acid mine wastes from the Dabaoshan mining district." Acta Mineralogica Sinica. 27 (3/4), pp. 549-557.
Heavy metal characteristics of vegetables and their soils in Foshan City
Nie, Chengrong, Lin, Chuxia, Du, Ruiying, Liu, Yong, Lu, Wenzhou, Wu, Yonggui, Li, Mei and Tang, Lie. 2010. "Heavy metal characteristics of vegetables and their soils in Foshan City." Journal of Foshan University (Natural Science Edition). 28 (3), pp. 1-5.
Water chemistry and ecotoxicity of an acid mine drainage-affected stream in subtropical China during a major flood event
Lin, C., Wu, Y., Lu, W., Chen, A. and Liu, Y.. 2007. "Water chemistry and ecotoxicity of an acid mine drainage-affected stream in subtropical China during a major flood event ." Journal of Hazardous Materials. 142 (1-2), pp. 199-207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.08.006
Characterization of red mud derived from a combined Bayer process and bauxite calcination method
Liu, Yong, Lin, Chuxia and Wu, Yonggui. 2007. "Characterization of red mud derived from a combined Bayer process and bauxite calcination method ." Journal of Hazardous Materials. 146 (1-2), pp. 255-261. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.12.015
Jarosite-related chemical processes and water ecotoxicity in simplified anaerobic microcosm wetlands
Zhu, L., Lin, C., Wu, Y., Lu, W., Liu, Y., Ma, Y. and Chen, A.. 2008. "Jarosite-related chemical processes and water ecotoxicity in simplified anaerobic microcosm wetlands ." Environmental Geology: international journal of geosciences. 53 (7), pp. 1491-1502. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-007-0758-y
Toxic effects of two acid sulfate soils from the Dabaoshan mine on Corymbia citriodora var.variegata and Daphnia carinata
Liu, Y., Lin, C., Ma, Y., Lu, W., Wu, Y., Huang, S., Zhu, L., Li, J. and Chen, A.. 2009. "Toxic effects of two acid sulfate soils from the Dabaoshan mine on Corymbia citriodora var.variegata and Daphnia carinata." Journal of Hazardous Materials. 166 (2-3), pp. 1162-1168. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.12.017
Effects of chemical amendment on heavy metal leachability and bioavailability of an acidic mine water-contaminated soil and growth of a vegetable
Lin, Chuxia, Lu, Wenzhou, Liu, Yong, Ma, Yingqun, Wan, Fengxian and Chen, Aisheng. 2010. "Effects of chemical amendment on heavy metal leachability and bioavailability of an acidic mine water-contaminated soil and growth of a vegetable." Gilkes, Robert J. and Prakongkep, Nattaporn (ed.) 19th World Congress of Soil Science (WCSS 2010): Soil Solutions for a Changing World. Brisbane, Australia 01 - 06 Aug 2010 Warragul, Australia.
Characteristics and potential environmental consequence of weathered materials in the surface layer of a spontaneously combusting mine spoil stockpile
Lu, Wenzhou, Lin, Chuxia, Ma, Yingqun, Huang, S., Si, Chunhua, Liu, Yong and Li, J.. 2010. "Characteristics and potential environmental consequence of weathered materials in the surface layer of a spontaneously combusting mine spoil stockpile." Applied Geochemistry. 25 (3), pp. 496-501. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2010.01.004
Competitive removal of water-borne copper, zinc and cadmium by a CaCO3-dominated red mud
Ma, Yingqun, Lin, Chuxia, Jiang, Yuehua, Lu, Wenzhou, Si, Chunhua and Liu, Yong. 2009. "Competitive removal of water-borne copper, zinc and cadmium by a CaCO3-dominated red mud." Journal of Hazardous Materials. 172 (2-3), pp. 1288-1296. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.07.135