Livelihood vulnerability approach to assessing climate change impacts on mixed agro-livestock smallholders around the Gandaki River Basin in Nepal

Article


Panthi, Jeeban, Aryal, Suman, Dahal, Piyush, Bhandari, Parashuram, Krakauer, Nir Y. and Pandey, Vishnu Prasad. 2016. "Livelihood vulnerability approach to assessing climate change impacts on mixed agro-livestock smallholders around the Gandaki River Basin in Nepal." Regional Environmental Change. 16 (4), pp. 1121-1132. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-015-0833-y
Article Title

Livelihood vulnerability approach to assessing climate change impacts on mixed agro-livestock smallholders around the Gandaki River Basin in Nepal

ERA Journal ID36475
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsPanthi, Jeeban (Author), Aryal, Suman (Author), Dahal, Piyush (Author), Bhandari, Parashuram (Author), Krakauer, Nir Y. (Author) and Pandey, Vishnu Prasad (Author)
Journal TitleRegional Environmental Change
Journal Citation16 (4), pp. 1121-1132
Number of Pages12
Year2016
Place of PublicationGermany
ISSN1436-378X
1436-3798
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-015-0833-y
Web Address (URL)http://link.springer.com/journal/10113/16/4/page/1
Abstract

Climate change vulnerability depends upon various factors and differs between places, sectors and communities. People in developing countries whose subsistence livelihood depends mainly upon agriculture and livestock production are identified as particularly vulnerable. Nepal, where the majority of people are in a mixed agro-livestock system, is identified as the world’s fourth most vulnerable country to climate change. However, there is limited knowledge on how vulnerable mixed agro-livestock smallholders are and how their vulnerability differs across different ecological regions in Nepal. This study aims to test two vulnerability assessment indices, livelihood vulnerability index and IPCC vulnerability index, around the Gandaki River Basin of central Nepal. A total of 543 households practicing mixed agro-livestock were surveyed from three districts, namely Dhading, Syangja and Kapilvastu representing three major ecological zones: mountain, mid-hill and Terai (lowland). Data on socio-demographics, livelihood determinants, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability were collected and combined into the indices. Both indices differed for mixed agro-livestock smallholders across the three districts, with Dhading scoring as the most vulnerable and Syangja the least. Substantial variation across the districts was observed in components, sub-components and three dimensions (exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity) of vulnerability. The findings help in designing site-specific intervention strategies to reduce vulnerability of mixed agro-livestock smallholders to climate change.

Keywordsclimate change, mixed agro-livestock, Nepal, smallholders, vulnerability
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020300399. Animal production not elsewhere classified
419999. Other environmental sciences not elsewhere classified
441002. Environmental sociology
410499. Environmental management not elsewhere classified
440699. Human geography not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsSmall Earth Nepal
International Centre for Applied Climate Science
Tribhuvan University, Nepal
City University of New York, United States
Asian Institute of Technology and Management, Nepal
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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