Climate change in Nepal: a comprehensive analysis of instrumental data and people’s perceptions

Article


Shrestha, Uttam Babu, Shrestha, Asheshwor Man, Aryal, Suman, Shrestha, Sujata, Gautam, Madhu Sudan and Ojha, Hemant. 2019. "Climate change in Nepal: a comprehensive analysis of instrumental data and people’s perceptions." Climatic Change: an interdisciplinary, international journal devoted to the description, causes and implications of climatic change. 154 (3-4), pp. 315-334. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-019-02418-5
Article Title

Climate change in Nepal: a comprehensive analysis of instrumental data and people’s perceptions

ERA Journal ID1965
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsShrestha, Uttam Babu (Author), Shrestha, Asheshwor Man (Author), Aryal, Suman (Author), Shrestha, Sujata (Author), Gautam, Madhu Sudan (Author) and Ojha, Hemant (Author)
Journal TitleClimatic Change: an interdisciplinary, international journal devoted to the description, causes and implications of climatic change
Journal Citation154 (3-4), pp. 315-334
Number of Pages20
Year2019
PublisherSpringer
Place of PublicationNetherlands
ISSN0165-0009
1573-1480
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-019-02418-5
Web Address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10584-019-02418-5
Abstract

Despite broad scientific consensus on climate change, public views may not always correspond with scientific findings. Understanding public perceptions of climate change is thus crucial to both identifying problems and delivering solutions. Investigations of climate change that integrate instrumental records and people’s perceptions in the Himalayas are scarce and fragmentary compared to other regions of the world. We analyzed nationally representative data (n = 5060) of local peoples’ perception of climate change in Nepal, and assessed annual and seasonal trends of temperature and precipitation, onsets of seasons, and trends of climate extremes, based on gridded climate datasets. We firstly used quantitative and spatial techniques to compare local perceptions and the instrumentally observed trends of climate variables. We then examined the possible association of demographic variables, place attachment, regional differences, and prior understanding of climate change with the accuracy of people’s perceptions. Instrumental evidence showed consistent warming, increasing hot days and nights, and increasing annual precipitation, wet spells, heavy precipitation and decreasing dry spells in Nepal. Our results indicate that locals accurately perceived the shifts in temperature but their perceptions of precipitation change did not converge with the instrumental records. We suggest that, in future as exposure to changes in weather, particularly extreme events, continues, people may become more likely to detect change which corresponds with observed trends. With some new methodological insights gained through integrating community perceptions with observed climate data, the results of this study provides valuable information to support policies to reduce climate-related risk and enhance climate change adaptation.

Keywordsrisk perception; annual precipitation; climate change adaptation; climate related risks; community perceptions; comprehensive analysis; demographic variables; precipitation change; regional differences; climate change
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020419999. Other environmental sciences not elsewhere classified
370202. Climatology
Public Notes

Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.

Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Byline AffiliationsInstitute for Agriculture and the Environment
University of Adelaide
University of Massachusetts, United States
Kathmandu University, Nepal
University of Canberra
Permalink -

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/q539y/climate-change-in-nepal-a-comprehensive-analysis-of-instrumental-data-and-people-s-perceptions

  • 185
    total views
  • 11
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Understanding local ecosystem dynamics in three provinces of the lowlands of Nepal
Pandey, Hari Prasad, Aryal, Kishor, Aryal, Suman and Maraseni, Tek Narayan. 2023. "Understanding local ecosystem dynamics in three provinces of the lowlands of Nepal." Science of the Total Environment. 867. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.161501
An Assessment of Selective Logging Policies and Practices in Nepal
Poudyal, Bishnu H., Maraseni, Tek N., Aryal, Suman and Cockfield, Geoff. 2022. "An Assessment of Selective Logging Policies and Practices in Nepal." Timsina, Jagadish, Maraseni, Tek N., Gauchan, Devendra, Adhikari, Jagannath and Ojha, Hemant (ed.) Agriculture, Natural Resources and Food Security: Lessons from Nepal. Cham, Switzerland. Springer. pp. 357-374
Changes in Transhumance Systems in Nepal: Analysing Socio-ecological Impacts Using Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response Framework
Aryal, Suman, Maraseni, Tek N. and Cockfield, Geoff. 2022. "Changes in Transhumance Systems in Nepal: Analysing Socio-ecological Impacts Using Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response Framework." Timsina, Jadadish, Maraseni, Tek N., Gauchan, Devendra, Adhikari, Jagannath and Ojha, Hemant (ed.) Agriculture, Natural Resources and Food Security: Lessons from Nepal. Cham, Switzerland. Springer. pp. 297-314
Introduction and Overview
Timsina, Jagadish, Maraseni, Tek N., Gauchan, Devendra, Adhikari, Jagannath and Ojha, Hemant. 2022. "Introduction and Overview." Timsina, Jadadish, Maraseni, Tek N., Gauchan, Devendra, Adhikari, Jagannath and Ojha, Hemant (ed.) Agriculture, Natural Resources and Food Security: Lessons from Nepal. Cham, Switzerland. Springer. pp. 1-16
Temporal changes in precipitation and temperature and their implications on the streamflow of Rosi River, Central Nepal
Dahal, Ngamindra, Shrestha, Uttam Babu, Tuitui, Anita and Ojha, Hement Raj. 2019. "Temporal changes in precipitation and temperature and their implications on the streamflow of Rosi River, Central Nepal." Climate. 7 (1), pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.3390/cli7010003
Globalisation and traditional social-ecological systems: Understanding impacts of tourism and labour migration to the transhumance systems in the Himalayas
Aryal, Suman, Cockfield, Geoff and Maraseni, Tek Narayan. 2018. "Globalisation and traditional social-ecological systems: Understanding impacts of tourism and labour migration to the transhumance systems in the Himalayas." Environmental Development. 25, pp. 73-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envdev.2017.09.001
Perceived importance and economic valuation of ecosystem services in Ghodaghodi wetland of Nepal
Aryal, Kishor, Ojha, Bhuwan Raj and Maraseni, Tek. 2021. "Perceived importance and economic valuation of ecosystem services in Ghodaghodi wetland of Nepal." Land Use Policy: the international journal covering all aspects of land use. 106, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2021.105450
Ecosystems, livelihood assets and willingness to pay for wetland conservation in Bangladesh
Al‑Amin, A. K. M. Abdullah, Alam, Khorshed, Shrestha, Uttam Babu, Prodhan, Masudul Haque, Hossain, Mostafa A. R., Sattar, Nahid, Hossain, M. J. and Akhter, Tahmina. 2021. "Ecosystems, livelihood assets and willingness to pay for wetland conservation in Bangladesh." Environment, Development and Sustainability: a multidisciplinary approach to the theory and practice of sustainable development. 23 (12), pp. 17503-17534. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-021-01398-w
Key steps in environmental impact assessment: a comparative study of China, Queensland State of Australia and Nepal
Aryal, Suman, Maraseni, Tek, Qu, Jiansheng, Bruyn, Lisa Lobry de, Dhakal, Yub Raj and Zeng, Jingjing. 2020. "Key steps in environmental impact assessment: a comparative study of China, Queensland State of Australia and Nepal." Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 192, pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-020-8098-4
Multiple conceptualizations of nature are key to inclusivity and legitimacy in global environmental governance
Coscieme, Luca, Silva Hyldmo, Hakon da, Fernandez-Llamazares, Álvaro, Palomo, Ignacio, Mwampamba, Tuyeni H., Selomane, Odirilwe, Sitas, Nadia, Jaureguiberry, Pedro, Takahashi, Yasuo, Lim, Michelle, Barral, Maria P., Farinaci, Juliana S., Diaz-Jose, Julio, Ghosh, Sonali, Ojino, Joyce, Alassaf, Amani, Baatuuwie, Bernard N., Balint, Lenke, Basher, Zeenatul, ..., Valle, Mireia. 2020. "Multiple conceptualizations of nature are key to inclusivity and legitimacy in global environmental governance." Environmental Science and Policy. 104, pp. 36-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2019.10.018
When parasitism brings prosperity: a case of Yarsagunbu (caterpillar fungus) harvesting and trade in Nepal
Shrestha, Uttam Babu. 2019. "When parasitism brings prosperity: a case of Yarsagunbu (caterpillar fungus) harvesting and trade in Nepal." Studies in Nepali history and society. 24 (2), pp. 415-431.
Key knowledge gaps to achieve global sustainability goals
Mastrangelo, Matias E., Perez-Harguindeguy, Natalia, Enrico, Lucas, Bennett, Elena, Lavorel, Sandra, Cumming, Graeme S., Abeygunawardane, Dilini, Amarilla, Leonardo D., Burkhard, Benjamin, Egoh, Benis N., Frishkoff, Luke, Galetto, Leonardo, Huber, Sibyl, Karp, Daniel S., Ke, Alison, Kowaljow, Esteban, Kronenburg-Garcia, Angela, Locatelli, Bruno, Martin-Lopez, Berta, ..., Zoeller, Kim. 2019. "Key knowledge gaps to achieve global sustainability goals." Nature Sustainability. 2 (12), pp. 1115-1121. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-019-0412-1
Increasing tiger mortality in Nepal: a bump in the road?
Bhandari, Shivish, Shrestha, Uttam Babu and Aryal, Achyut. 2019. "Increasing tiger mortality in Nepal: a bump in the road?" Biodiversity and Conservation. 28 (14), pp. 4115-4118. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-019-01849-x
Climate change amplifies plant invasion hotspots in Nepal
Shrestha, Uttam Babu and Shrestha, Bharat Babu. 2019. "Climate change amplifies plant invasion hotspots in Nepal." Diversity and Distributions. 25, pp. 1599-1612. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.27257r3.
Yartsagunbu: transforming people's livelihoods in the Western Himalaya
Yadav, Pramod Kumar, Saha, Subhajit, Mishra, Ashish Kumar, Kapoor, Mohnish, Kaneria, Manendra, Kaneria, Manish, Dasgupta, Sabyasachi and Shrestha, Uttam Babu. 2019. "Yartsagunbu: transforming people's livelihoods in the Western Himalaya." Oryx: journal of fauna and flora international. 53 (2), pp. 247-255. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605318000674
Rescuing forests from the carbon trap
Ojha, Hemant, Maraseni, Tek, Nightingale, Andrea, Bhattarai, Basundhara and Khatri, Dil. 2019. "Rescuing forests from the carbon trap." Forest Policy and Economics. 101, pp. 15-18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2019.01.007
Science in South Asia
Shrestha, Uttam Babu and Bhadra, Anindita. 2019. "Science in South Asia." Science. 364 (6447), p. 1211. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aay4475
Environmental and economic impacts and trade-offs from simultaneous management of soil constraints, nitrogen and water
Kodur, Shreevatsa, Shrestha, Uttam Babu, Maraseni, Tek Narayan and Deo, Ravinesh C.. 2019. "Environmental and economic impacts and trade-offs from simultaneous management of soil constraints, nitrogen and water." Journal of Cleaner Production. 222, pp. 960-970. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.03.079
Decreasing brown bear (Ursus arctos) habitat due to climate change in Central Asia and the Asian Highlands
Su, Junhu, Aryal, Achyut, Hegab, Ibrahim M., Shrestha, Uttam Babu, Coogan, Sean C. P., Dalannast, Munkhnast, Sathyakumar, Sambandam, Dou, Zhigang, Suo, Yila, Dabu, Xilite, Fu, Hongyan, Wu, Liji and Ji, Weihong. 2018. "Decreasing brown bear (Ursus arctos) habitat due to climate change in Central Asia and the Asian Highlands." Ecology and Evolution. 8 (23), pp. 11887-11899. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4645
Transhumance, livestock mobility and mutual benefits between crop and livestock production
Aryal, Suman, Maraseni, Tek, Cockfield, Geoff and de Bruyn, Lisa Lobry. 2018. "Transhumance, livestock mobility and mutual benefits between crop and livestock production." Lichtfouse, Eric (ed.) Sustainable agriculture reviews 31: biocontrol. Switzerland. Springer. pp. 25-39
Community perception and prioritization of invasive alien plants in Chitwan-Annapurna Landscape, Nepal
Shrestha, Bharat Babu, Shrestha, Uttam Babu, Sharma, Krishna Prasad, Thapa-Parajuli, Resham Bahadur, Devkota, Anjana and Siwakoti, Mohan. 2019. "Community perception and prioritization of invasive alien plants in Chitwan-Annapurna Landscape, Nepal." Journal of Environmental Management. 229, pp. 38-47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.06.034
Carbon stock and its relationships with tree diversity and density in community forests in Nepal
Aryal, S., Shrestha, S., Maraseni, T., Wagle, P. C and Gaire, N. P.. 2018. "Carbon stock and its relationships with tree diversity and density in community forests in Nepal." The International Forestry Review. 20 (3), pp. 263-273. https://doi.org/10.1505/146554818824063069
Potential impact of climate change on the distribution of six invasive alien plants in Nepal
Shrestha, Uttam Babu, Sharma, Krishna Prasad, Devkota, Anjana, Siwakoti, Mohan and Shrestha, Bharat Babu. 2018. "Potential impact of climate change on the distribution of six invasive alien plants in Nepal." Ecological Indicators. 95 (1), pp. 99-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.07.009
Socio-economic factors and management regimes as drivers of tree cover change in Nepal
Shrestha, Sujata, Shrestha, Uttam B. and Bawa, Kamal. 2018. "Socio-economic factors and management regimes as drivers of tree cover change in Nepal." PEERJ. 6, pp. 1-25. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.4855
Early-career experts essential for planetary sustainability
Lim, Michelle, Lynch, Abigail J., Fernandez-Llamazares, Alvaro, Balint, Lanke, Basher, Zeenatul, Chan, Ivis, Jaureguiberry, Pedro, Mohamed, A. A. A., Mwampamba, Tuyeni H., Palomo, Ignacio, Pliscoff, Patricio, Salimov, Rashad A., Samako, Aibek, Selomane, Odirilwe, Shrestha, Uttam B. and Sidorovich, Anna A.. 2017. "Early-career experts essential for planetary sustainability." Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. 29, pp. 151-157. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2018.02.004
Biodiversity, drug discovery, and the future of global health: Introducing the biodiversity to biomedicine consortium, a call to action
Neergheen-Bhujun, Vidushi, Awan, Almas Taj, Baran, Yusuf, Bunnefeld, Nils, Chan, Kit, Cruz, Thomas Edison dela, Egamberdieva, Dilfuza, Elsässer, Simon, Johnson, Mari-Vaughn V., Komai, Shoji, Konevega, Andrey L., Malone, John H., Mason, Paul, Nguon, Rothsophal, Piper, Ross, Shrestha, Uttam Babu, Pešić, Milica and Kagansky, Alexander. 2017. "Biodiversity, drug discovery, and the future of global health: Introducing the biodiversity to biomedicine consortium, a call to action." Journal of Global Health. 7 (2), pp. 1-5. https://doi.org/10.7189/jogh.07.020304
Contribution of REDD+ payments to the economy of rural households in Nepal
Shrestha, Sujata, Shrestha, Uttam Babu and Bawa, Kamaljit S.. 2017. "Contribution of REDD+ payments to the economy of rural households in Nepal." Applied Geography. 88, pp. 151-160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2017.09.001
Sustainability of transhumance grazing systems under socio-economic threats in Langtang, Nepal
Aryal, Suman, Maraseni, Tek Narayan and Cockfield, Geoff. 2014. "Sustainability of transhumance grazing systems under socio-economic threats in Langtang, Nepal." Journal of Mountain Science. 11 (4), pp. 1023-1034. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-013-2684-7
Perceptions of climate change by highland communities in the Nepal Himalaya
Uprety, Yadav, Shrestha, Uttam Babu, Rokaya, Maan Bahadur, Shrestha, Sujata, Chaudhary, Ram Prasad, Thakali, Ajaya, Cockfield, Geoff and Asselin, Hugo. 2017. "Perceptions of climate change by highland communities in the Nepal Himalaya." Climate and Development. 9 (7), pp. 649-661. https://doi.org/10.1080/17565529.2017.1304886
Economic dependence of mountain communities on Chinese caterpillar fungus Ophiocordyceps sinensis (yarsagumba: a case from western Nepal
Shrestha, Uttam Babu, Dhital, Krishna Ram and Gautam, Ambika Prasad. 2019. "Economic dependence of mountain communities on Chinese caterpillar fungus Ophiocordyceps sinensis (yarsagumba: a case from western Nepal." Oryx: journal of fauna and flora international. 53 (2), pp. 256-264. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605317000461
Beyond money: does REDD+ payment enhance household’s participation in forest governance and management in Nepal’s community forests?
Shrestha, Sujata and Shrestha, Uttam Babu. 2017. "Beyond money: does REDD+ payment enhance household’s participation in forest governance and management in Nepal’s community forests?" Forest Policy and Economics. 80, pp. 63-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2017.03.005
Horizontal integration of multiple institutions: solutions for Yarshagumba related conflict in the Himalayan region of Nepal?
Pant, Basant, Rai, Rajesh Kumar, Wallrapp, Corinna, Ghate, Rucha, Shrestha, Uttam Babu and Ram, Ashok. 2017. "Horizontal integration of multiple institutions: solutions for Yarshagumba related conflict in the Himalayan region of Nepal?" International Journal of the Commons. 11 (1), pp. 464-486. https://doi.org/10.18352/ijc.717
Global lessons from successful rhinoceros conservation in Nepal
Aryal, Achyut, Acharya, Krishna Prasad, Shrestha, Uttam Babu, Dhakal, Maheshwar, Raubenhiemer, David and Wright, Wendy. 2017. "Global lessons from successful rhinoceros conservation in Nepal." Conservation Biology. 31 (6), pp. 1494-1497. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12894
Assessments of ecosystem service indicators and stakeholder's willingness to pay for selected ecosystem services in the Chure region of Nepal
Bhandari, Pratima, KC, Mohan, Shrestha, Sujata, Aryal, Achyut and Shrestha, Uttam Babu. 2016. "Assessments of ecosystem service indicators and stakeholder's willingness to pay for selected ecosystem services in the Chure region of Nepal." Applied Geography. 69, pp. 25-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2016.02.003
Perceived changes in climatic variables and impacts on the transhumance system in the Himalayas
Aryal, Suman, Cockfield, Geoff and Maraseni, Tek Narayan. 2016. "Perceived changes in climatic variables and impacts on the transhumance system in the Himalayas." Climate and Development. 8 (5), pp. 435-446. https://doi.org/10.1080/17565529.2015.1040718
Predicting the distributions of predator (snow leopard) and prey (blue sheep) under climate change in the Himalaya
Aryal, Achyut, Shrestha, Uttam Babu, Ji, Weihong, Ale, Som B., Shrestha, Sujata, Ingty, Tenzing, Maraseni, Tek, Cockfield, Geoff and Raubenheimer, David. 2016. "Predicting the distributions of predator (snow leopard) and prey (blue sheep) under climate change in the Himalaya." Ecology and Evolution. 6 (12), pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.2196
Factor people into tiger conservation
Aryal, Achyut, Ji, Weihong, Shrestha, Uttam Babu, Bencini, Roberta and Raubenheimer, David. 2015. "Factor people into tiger conservation." Nature. 522 (287). https://doi.org/10.1038/522287a
Disaster response: volunteers, unite!
Shrestha, Uttam Babu, Shrestha, Sujata and Aryal, Achyut. 2015. "Disaster response: volunteers, unite!" Science. 349 (6249), pp. 699-700. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.349.6249.699-b
Is trophy hunting of bharal (blue sheep) and Himalayan tahr contributing to their conservation in Nepal?
Aryal, Achyut, Dhakal, Maheshwar, Panthi, Saroj, Yadav, Bhupendra Prasad, Shrestha, Uttam Babu, Bencini, Roberta, Raubenheimer, David and Ji, Weihong. 2015. "Is trophy hunting of bharal (blue sheep) and Himalayan tahr contributing to their conservation in Nepal?" Hystrix. 26 (2). https://doi.org/10.4404/hystrix-26.2-11210
Rainfall and water requirement of rice during growing period
Aryal, Suman. 2012. "Rainfall and water requirement of rice during growing period." The Journal of Agriculture and Environment. 13, pp. 1-4. https://doi.org/10.3126/aej.v13i0.7576
Spatial and temporal variability of rainfall in the Gandaki River Basin of Nepal Himalaya
Panthi, Jeeban, Dahal, Piyush, Shrestha, Madan Lall, Aryal, Suman, Krakauer, Nir Y., Pradhanang, Soni M., Lakhankar, Tarendra, Jha, Ajay K., Sharma, Mohan and Karki, Ramchandra. 2015. "Spatial and temporal variability of rainfall in the Gandaki River Basin of Nepal Himalaya ." Climate. 3 (1), pp. 210-226. https://doi.org/10.3390/cli3010210
Livelihood vulnerability approach to assessing climate change impacts on mixed agro-livestock smallholders around the Gandaki River Basin in Nepal
Panthi, Jeeban, Aryal, Suman, Dahal, Piyush, Bhandari, Parashuram, Krakauer, Nir Y. and Pandey, Vishnu Prasad. 2016. "Livelihood vulnerability approach to assessing climate change impacts on mixed agro-livestock smallholders around the Gandaki River Basin in Nepal." Regional Environmental Change. 16 (4), pp. 1121-1132. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-015-0833-y
Effect of summer livestock grazing on plant species richness and composition in the Himalayan rangelands
Aryal, Suman, Cockfield, Geoff and Maraseni, Tek. 2015. "Effect of summer livestock grazing on plant species richness and composition in the Himalayan rangelands." The Rangeland Journal. 37 (3), pp. 309-321. https://doi.org/10.1071/RJ14088
Harvesters’ perceptions of population status and conservation of Chinese caterpillar fungus in the Dolpa region of Nepal
Shrestha, Uttam Babu and Bawa, Kamaljit S.. 2015. "Harvesters’ perceptions of population status and conservation of Chinese caterpillar fungus in the Dolpa region of Nepal." Regional Environmental Change. 15 (8), pp. 1731-1741. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-014-0732-7
The socio-ecological impacts of structural changes in the transhumance system of the mountainous area of Nepal
Aryal, Suman. 2015. The socio-ecological impacts of structural changes in the transhumance system of the mountainous area of Nepal. PhD Thesis Doctor of Philosophy. University of Southern Queensland.
Chasing Chinese caterpillar fungus (Ophiocordyceps sinensis) harvesters in the Himalayas: harvesting practice and its conservation implications in western Nepal
Shrestha, Uttam Babu, Shrestha, Sujata, Ghimire, Shivaraj, Nepali, Kamal and Shrestha, Bharat Babu. 2014. "Chasing Chinese caterpillar fungus (Ophiocordyceps sinensis) harvesters in the Himalayas: harvesting practice and its conservation implications in western Nepal." Society and Natural Resources. 27 (12), pp. 1242-1256. https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920.2014.928394
Impact of climate change on potential distribution of Chinese caterpillar fungus (Ophiocordyceps sinensis) in Nepal Himalaya
Shrestha, Uttam Babu and Bawa, Kamaljit S.. 2014. "Impact of climate change on potential distribution of Chinese caterpillar fungus (Ophiocordyceps sinensis) in Nepal Himalaya." PLoS One. 9 (9), p. e106405. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106405
Climate change and indigenous people: perceptions of transhumant herders and implications to the transhumance system in the Himalayas
Aryal, Suman, Maraseni, Tek N. and Cockfield, Geoff. 2014. "Climate change and indigenous people: perceptions of transhumant herders and implications to the transhumance system in the Himalayas." Geology and Geosciences. 3 (4), pp. 1-5. https://doi.org/10.4172/2329-6755.1000162
Economic contribution of Chinese caterpillar fungus to the livelihoods of mountain communities in Nepal
Shrestha, Uttam Babu and Bawa, Kamaljit S.. 2014. "Economic contribution of Chinese caterpillar fungus to the livelihoods of mountain communities in Nepal." Biological Conservation. 177, pp. 194-202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2014.06.019
Vulnerability of Himalayan transhumant communities to climate change
Aryal, Suman, Cockfield, Geoff and Maraseni, Tek Narayan. 2014. "Vulnerability of Himalayan transhumant communities to climate change." Climatic Change: an interdisciplinary, international journal devoted to the description, causes and implications of climatic change. 125 (2), pp. 193-208. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-014-1157-5
Comparison of carbon stocks between mixed and pine-dominated forest stands within the Gwalinidaha Community Forest in Lalitpur District, Nepal
Aryal, Suman, Bhattarai, Dilli R. and Devkota, Rohini P.. 2013. "Comparison of carbon stocks between mixed and pine-dominated forest stands within the Gwalinidaha Community Forest in Lalitpur District, Nepal." Small-Scale Forestry. 12 (4), pp. 659-666. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11842-013-9236-4