Horizontal integration of multiple institutions: solutions for Yarshagumba related conflict in the Himalayan region of Nepal?

Article


Pant, Basant, Rai, Rajesh Kumar, Wallrapp, Corinna, Ghate, Rucha, Shrestha, Uttam Babu and Ram, Ashok. 2017. "Horizontal integration of multiple institutions: solutions for Yarshagumba related conflict in the Himalayan region of Nepal?" International Journal of the Commons. 11 (1), pp. 464-486. https://doi.org/10.18352/ijc.717
Article Title

Horizontal integration of multiple institutions: solutions for Yarshagumba related conflict in the Himalayan region of Nepal?

ERA Journal ID123150
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsPant, Basant (Author), Rai, Rajesh Kumar (Author), Wallrapp, Corinna (Author), Ghate, Rucha (Author), Shrestha, Uttam Babu (Author) and Ram, Ashok (Author)
Journal TitleInternational Journal of the Commons
Journal Citation11 (1), pp. 464-486
Number of Pages23
Year2017
ISSN1875-0281
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.18352/ijc.717
Web Address (URL)https://www.thecommonsjournal.org/articles/10.18352/ijc.717/
Abstract

The incidence of conflicts among communities over the collection of Yarsagumba, the high value caterpillar fungus, has increased after the Government of Nepal has lifted a ban on its collection and trade in 2001. In most cases, conflicts over Yarsagumba harvesting persist either between locals and outsiders, or between collectors within a local community. In the Api Nampa Conservation Area in Darchula District, Nepal, conflicts are primarily caused by the competition for control over resources. The rights of the indigenous Shauka community(migratory herders), the Api Nampa Conservation Authority, and the non-Shauka communities of lower villages are at odds due to a lack of clarity, and the absence of coordination regarding the access to resources in the landscape. The Shauka community has restricted the Yarsagumba collection by ‘outsiders’ to specific and limited areas of their community forest and traditional grazing land. The lowland, non-Shauka community who are dissatisfied with the restrictions have excluded the Shauka people from the utilization of their winter pasture for animal grazing possible through the introduction of a community forestry programme. In this conflict, both communities suffer as the migratory lifestyle of the Shauka has been adversely affected, and earnings of the lowland community from Yarsagumba collection have been reduced. This is a no-win situation. Our study suggests that the Government of Nepal should prepare a national Yarsagumba management policy and local Yarsagumba management guidelines to address conflicts by clearly defining the roles, responsibilities and rights of local institutions and actors, while ensuring the provision of particular services in the community forestry programme to distant and seasonal users.

KeywordsCommon pool resources, community forest, inter-community conflicts, Nepal, Yarsagumba collection
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020419999. Other environmental sciences not elsewhere classified
410406. Natural resource management
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Byline AffiliationsInternational Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Nepal
South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics, Nepal
German Society for International Cooperation, Germany
Institute for Agriculture and the Environment
Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Nepal
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