The socio-economic effects of digital technologies on Australian academics and farmers

PhD Thesis


Mamun, Md Shamsul Arifeen Khan. 2015. The socio-economic effects of digital technologies on Australian academics and farmers. PhD Thesis Doctor of Philosophy. University of Southern Queensland.
Title

The socio-economic effects of digital technologies on
Australian academics and farmers

TypePhD Thesis
Authors
AuthorMamun, Md Shamsul Arifeen Khan
SupervisorDanaher, Patrick
Rahman, Mafiz
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Qualification NameDoctor of Philosophy
Number of Pages237
Year2015
Abstract

This thesis investigated the social and economic effects of digital technologies, and in particular information and communication technologies (ICTs), on the Australian
academics and farmers in the context of an ongoing emphasis by the Australian government on the digital economy.

I am motivated to conduct the research because politicians and scholars feel that the digital economy is a way ahead for improving the living standards of general Australians. Although a substantial research initiative has already been undertaken by previous researchers to examine the benefits of modern ICTs (information and communication technologies) in society, the extent of benefits (or problems)
associated with the expansion of digital infrastructure facilities are yet to be estimated for at least two sectors of the economy – higher education and agriculture. In the given context of the Australian Government’s policy on the digital future, this thesis aims to study the effects of digital technologies, particularly ICTs, on academics and
farmers in Australia. The direction of effects encompasses social and economic aspects only.

I used three types of theories: affordance theory; Ajzen and Fishbein’s (1980) theory of reasoned action; and the theory of (research) production function. With regard to research methodology, I used qualitative, quantitative and a combination of both (i.e. mixed) research approaches. The data used in this study was drawn from two sources: – (i) a primary source and (ii) a secondary source. The source of the primary data was academic teaching staff members of the University of Southern Queensland, and the source of secondary data was the Australian Department of Agriculture.

The thematic analysis showed that, because of the use of eLearning environments, the teaching academics at USQ perceived that their workload had increased. This was labelled as 'perceived increased workloads' in this study. From this study, three broad themes emerged. These themes were classified as temporal, pedagogical and technical limitations, and were attributed to the 'perceived
workloads?' of the academics. This was the theoretical knowledge contribution of this thesis.

Using factor analysis , I found evidence of both positive and negative attitudes of university academic staff members to ICTs.

Next, using Ajzen and Fishbein’s (1980; 2005) theory of reasoned action, a and cross-tabulation analysis, I found that the native-English language status of the academic had a statistically significant association with the variation of attitudes to ICTs. My non-parametric regression analysis also confirmed a statistically significant relationship between the language status of the teaching academics and the variations on their attitudes to ICTs.

Further, Using primary survey data and regression analysis, I found a statistically significant relationship between the teaching academics’ use of the Internet per week and their research performances. Finally, using secondary data, the theory of production of microeconomics and regression analysis, I found the relationship between Australian farmers’ expenditure for telephone facilities (a variable of CTs) and their agricultural revenue. In this study, I found a statistically significant positive relationship between the farmers’ agricultural revenue and the
farmers’ expenditure on their uses of telephones.

The contributions of this research to existing knowledge are as follows. From the teaching academics’ perspective, the affordances of an eLearning environment encompass pedagogical, temporal and technological limitations that contributed to the teaching academics’ 'perceived workloads'? Secondly, the empirical research supports Ajzen and Fishbein’s (1980) theory regarding the relationship between the native language status of the academics, which is a social-demographic factor, and their attitudes to using ICTs. Thirdly, the empirical research supports the idea that the Internet is an important physical factor of the research production function. The contribution of the Internet is obvious because it represents a form of digital
infrastructure facility. In the future, research should model a research (or knowledge) production function that incorporates the digital capital in the production function;
otherwise, the study may generate biased results because of the endogeneity problem. Fourthly, and finally, I have found that telecommunication is an important physical
factor of agricultural production, which means that, similarly to manufacturing and service sectors, the agricultural sector can reap benefits from the use of digital technologies, which has been so far largely unreported in the literature.

The implications of digital futures lie in a number of government initiatives directed at the university and agricultural sectors of the economy. This includes
overcoming the limitations encountered by academics and expanding the national broadband network infrastructure facilities to remote Australian regions.

Keywordsdigital technologies; information and communication technologies; social effects; economic effects; Australian; academics; farmers; University of Southern Queensland; Australian Department of Agriculture
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020380101. Agricultural economics
460806. Human-computer interaction
390405. Educational technology and computing
390303. Higher education
Byline AffiliationsSchool of Commerce
Permalink -

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/q3363/the-socio-economic-effects-of-digital-technologies-on-australian-academics-and-farmers

Download files


Published Version
Mamun_2015_whole.pdf
File access level: Anyone

  • 1982
    total views
  • 406
    total downloads
  • 4
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

The private returns to education in rural Bangladesh
Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan, Taylor, Brad R., Nghiem, Son, Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur and Khanam, Rasheda. 2021. "The private returns to education in rural Bangladesh." International Journal of Educational Development. 84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2021.102424
The relation between an ageing population and economic growth in Bangladesh: evidence from an endogenous growth model
Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan, Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur and Khanam, Rasheda. 2020. "The relation between an ageing population and economic growth in Bangladesh: evidence from an endogenous growth model." Economic Analysis and Policy. 66, pp. 14-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eap.2020.02.001
Influence of socio-demographic factors on mobile phone adoption in rural Bangladesh: policy implications
Alam, G. M. Monirul, Alam, Khorshed, Mushtaq, Shahbaz, Khatun, Most Nilufa and Mamun, M. S. Arifeen Khan. 2019. "Influence of socio-demographic factors on mobile phone adoption in rural Bangladesh: policy implications." Information Development: the international journal for librarians, archivists and information specialists. 35 (5), pp. 739-748. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266666918792040
Ageing population and economic growth nexus in Bangladesh: evidence from an endogenous growth model
Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan, Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur and Khanam, Rasheda. 2017. "Ageing population and economic growth nexus in Bangladesh: evidence from an endogenous growth model." 1st International Conference on Energy, Finance and the Macroeconomy (ICEFM-2017). Montpellier, France 22 - 24 Nov 2017 Montpellier, France.
The determinants of household out-of-pocket (OOP) medical expenditure in rural Bangladesh
Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan, Khanam, Rasheda and Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur. 2018. "The determinants of household out-of-pocket (OOP) medical expenditure in rural Bangladesh." Applied Health Economics and Health Policy. 16 (2), pp. 219-234. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40258-018-0376-8
The effects of telephone infrastructure on farmers’ agricultural outputs in China
Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur and Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan. 2017. "The effects of telephone infrastructure on farmers’ agricultural outputs in China." Information Economics and Policy. 41, pp. 88-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infoecopol.2017.06.005
Energy use, international trade and economic growth nexus in Australia: new evidence from an extended growth model
Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur and Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan. 2016. "Energy use, international trade and economic growth nexus in Australia: new evidence from an extended growth model." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 64, pp. 806-816. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.06.039
Access to broadband internet and labour force outcomes: a case study of the Western Downs Region, Queensland
Alam, Khorshed and Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan. 2017. "Access to broadband internet and labour force outcomes: a case study of the Western Downs Region, Queensland." Telematics and Informatics. 34 (4), pp. 73-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tele.2016.12.011
Productive efficiency of the private universities in Bangladesh: a data envelopment analysis
Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan and Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur. 2016. "Productive efficiency of the private universities in Bangladesh: a data envelopment analysis." Asian Profile. 44 (6), pp. 563-571.
The relationship between labour force status and educational attainment: Evidence from a system of simultaneous equations model
Alam, Khorshed and Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan. 2016. "The relationship between labour force status and educational attainment: Evidence from a system of simultaneous equations model." Economic Analysis and Policy. 52, pp. 55-65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eap.2016.07.005
Is there any feedback effect between academic research publication and research collaboration? Evidence from an Australian university
Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan and Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur. 2015. "Is there any feedback effect between academic research publication and research collaboration? Evidence from an Australian university." Scientometrics: an international journal for all quantitative aspects of the science of science, communication in science and science policy. 105 (3), pp. 2179-2196. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-015-1759-3
Modelling a causal relationship between the internet and academic research performance in an Australian university: a case study
Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan and Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur. 2016. "Modelling a causal relationship between the internet and academic research performance in an Australian university: a case study." Margin (New Delhi): the journal of applied economic research. 10 (1), pp. 143-167. https://doi.org/10.1177/0973801015612670
The determinant of faculty attitude to academic (over-) workload: an econometric analysis
Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan, Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur and Danaher, Patrick Alan. 2015. "The determinant of faculty attitude to academic (over-) workload: an econometric analysis." Journal of Developing Areas. 49 (6 (Special Issue)), pp. 373-385. https://doi.org/10.1353/jda.2015.0116
The Australian Federal Government’s education policy changes: some implications for Australian universities
Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan and Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur. 2015. "The Australian Federal Government’s education policy changes: some implications for Australian universities." International Journal of Education Economics and Development. 6 (2), pp. 97-110. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJEED.2015.070619
An investigation on allocative efficiency and implications of new funding plans for the Australian universities
Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan and Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur. 2016. "An investigation on allocative efficiency and implications of new funding plans for the Australian universities." Educational Research for Policy and Practice. 15 (1), pp. 71-82. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10671-015-9177-0
University teachers’ interactions with their online students at an Australian university
Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan, Danaher, P. A. and Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur. 2015. "University teachers’ interactions with their online students at an Australian university." Wisdom, Sherrie and Leavitt, Lynda (ed.) Handbook of research on advancing critical thinking in higher education. Hershey, PA. United States. IGI Global. pp. 142-169
Role of communication technologies in broadacre agriculture in Australia: an empirical analysis using panel data
Salim, Ruhul, Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan and Hassan, Kamrul. 2015. "Role of communication technologies in broadacre agriculture in Australia: an empirical analysis using panel data." The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics. 60 (2), pp. 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8489.12114
The determinant of faculty attitude to academic (over-)workload: an econometric analysis
Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan, Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur and Danaher, Patrick Alan. 2015. "The determinant of faculty attitude to academic (over-)workload: an econometric analysis." Wahid, Abu N. M. and Amaro, Carmen Reaiche (ed.) Australasian Conference on Business and Social Sciences (ACBSS 2015): Towards Research Excellence in Business and Social Sciences. Sydney, Australia 13 - 14 Apr 2015 Sydney, Australia.
Do the Australian universities have scope to enhance organisational efficiency? Lessons from Bangladesh
Mamun, Arifeen Khan and Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur. 2013. "Do the Australian universities have scope to enhance organisational efficiency? Lessons from Bangladesh." 9th Asian Business Research Conference. Dhaka, Bangladesh 20 - 21 Dec 2013 Berwick, Vic. Australia.
Costs efficiency of the public universities
Mamun, Md. Shamsul Arifeen Khan. 2013. Costs efficiency of the public universities . Saarbrucken, Germany. Lambert Academic Publishing.