Adult verbal abstract reasoning assessment instruments and their clinimetric properties

Article


Davis, Geoffrey and Piovesana, Adina. 2016. "Adult verbal abstract reasoning assessment instruments and their clinimetric properties." The Clinical Neuropsychologist. 29 (7), pp. 1010-1033. https://doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2015.1119889
Article Title

Adult verbal abstract reasoning assessment instruments and their clinimetric properties

ERA Journal ID6181
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsDavis, Geoffrey (Author) and Piovesana, Adina (Author)
Journal TitleThe Clinical Neuropsychologist
Journal Citation29 (7), pp. 1010-1033
Number of Pages24
Year2016
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN1385-4046
1744-4144
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2015.1119889
Web Address (URL)http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13854046.2015.1119889
Abstract

Objective: This systematic review aims to identify, examine, and compare tests used to measure
and assess verbal abstract reasoning (VAR). Method: Seven tests were identified through a systematic
search of electronic databases, neuropsychological textbooks, and online catalogs. Clinical
utility, normative data, and psychometric properties (internal consistency, test–retest
reliability, and construct validity) of current test versions were evaluated using recent studies. A
modified version of the CanChild Outcome Measures Rating Form, and structured quality
assessment criteria were used in the evaluation process. Results: The WAIS-IV Similarities subtest
was ranked the highest, followed by the Shipley-2 Abstraction test and Gorham’s Proverbs
test. These three tests had sufficient validity to recommend their use, however some caution is
advised for the latter two in terms of construct purity, and age of normative data, respectively.
Other tests reviewed were the Delis–Kaplan Executive Functioning System Proverbs subtest, the
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale fifth edition Verbal Analogies subtests, the Conceptual Level
Analogy Test, and the Verbal Concept Attainment Test. For the majority of tests, construct validity
was lacking while reliabilities were sufficient. Conclusions: Lack of sound psychometric evidence
limits the range of options for the practitioner to choose a test with confidence to assess
VAR. While there is merit in the clinical utility of the majority of assessment instruments evaluated
in this review, caution is recommended before deciding to use a test that does not carry sufficient
psychometric evidence to support its use. Further research is recommended to improve
the library of tests available to clinicians and researchers.

Keywordsverbal abstract reasoning; neuropsychological assessment; psychometric properties; WAIS-IV similarities; Gorham’s Proverbs Test; Shipley-2 Abstraction Test
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020529999. Other psychology not elsewhere classified
520105. Psychological methodology, design and analysis
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Byline AffiliationsDepartment of Health, Queensland
School of Psychology and Counselling
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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