The Development of a Motor-Free Short-Form of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children–Fifth Edition

Article


Piovesana, Adina M., Harrison, Jessica L. and Ducat, Jacob J.. 2019. "The Development of a Motor-Free Short-Form of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children–Fifth Edition." Assessment. 26 (8), pp. 1564 -1572. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191117748741
Article Title

The Development of a Motor-Free Short-Form of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children–Fifth Edition

ERA Journal ID6106
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsPiovesana, Adina M. (Author), Harrison, Jessica L. (Author) and Ducat, Jacob J. (Author)
Journal TitleAssessment
Journal Citation26 (8), pp. 1564 -1572
Number of Pages9
Year2019
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN1073-1911
1552-3489
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191117748741
Web Address (URL)http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1073191117748741
Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to develop a motor-free short-form of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children – Fifth Edition (WISC-V) that allows clinicians to estimate the Full Scale Intelligence Quotients of youths with motor impairments.

Method: Using the reliabilities and inter-correlations of six WISC-V motor-free subtests, psychometric methodologies were applied to develop look-up tables for four Motor-free Short-form indices: Verbal Comprehension Short-form, Perceptual Reasoning Short-form, Working Memory Short-form, and a Motor-free Intelligence Quotient. Index-level discrepancy tables were developed using the same methods to allow clinicians to statistically compare visual, verbal, and working memory abilities.

Results: The short-form indices had excellent reliabilities (r = .92 - .97) comparable to the original WISC-V.

Conclusion: This motor-free short-form of the WISC-V is a reliable alternative for the assessment of intellectual functioning in youths with motor-impairments. Clinicians are provided with user-friendly look-up tables, index level discrepancy tables, and base rates, displayed similar to those in the WISC-V manuals to enable interpretation of assessment results.

Keywordsmotor-free assessment, WISC-V, short form, intellectual ability, motor impairments, psychometrics
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020490501. Applied statistics
520102. Educational psychology
529999. Other psychology not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsSchool of Psychology and Counselling
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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