Influence of regular exercise on body fat and eating patterns of patients with intermittent claudication

Article


Leicht, Anthony, Crowther, Robert G. and Golledge, Jonathan. 2015. "Influence of regular exercise on body fat and eating patterns of patients with intermittent claudication." International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 16 (5), pp. 11339-11354. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms160511339
Article Title

Influence of regular exercise on body fat and eating patterns of patients with intermittent claudication

ERA Journal ID41930
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsLeicht, Anthony (Author), Crowther, Robert G. (Author) and Golledge, Jonathan (Author)
Journal TitleInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Journal Citation16 (5), pp. 11339-11354
Number of Pages16
Year2015
PublisherMDPI AG
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN1422-0067
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms160511339
Web Address (URL)http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/16/5/11339
Abstract

This study examined the impact of regular supervised exercise on body fat, assessed via anthropometry, and eating patterns of peripheral arterial disease patients with
intermittent claudication (IC). Body fat, eating patterns and walking ability were assessed in 11 healthy adults (Control) and age- and mass-matched IC patients undertaking usual care (n = 10; IC-Con) or supervised exercise (12-months; n = 10; IC-Ex). At entry, all groups exhibited similar body fat and eating patterns. Maximal walking ability was greatest for Control participants and similar for IC-Ex and IC-Con patients. Supervised exercise resulted in significantly greater improvements in maximal walking ability (IC-Ex 148%–170% vs. IC-Con 29%–52%) and smaller increases in body fat (IC-Ex −2.1%–1.4% vs. IC-Con 8.4%–10%). IC-Con patients exhibited significantly greater increases in body fat compared with Control at follow-up (8.4%–10% vs. −0.6%–1.4%). Eating patterns were similar for all groups at follow-up. The current study demonstrated that regular, supervised exercise significantly improved maximal walking ability and minimised increase in body fat amongst IC patients without changes in eating patterns. The study supports the use of supervised exercise to minimize cardiovascular risk amongst IC patients. Further studies are needed to examine the additional value of other lifestyle interventions such as diet modification.

Keywordsbody fat; skinfold; walking; claudication; diet; training
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020320101. Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases)
Public Notes

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Byline AffiliationsJames Cook University
School of Health and Wellbeing
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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