Motor synergy in people with neurological disorders: Applications for gait rehabilitation

Presentation


Shafizadeh, Mohsen, Wheat, Jonathan, Davids, Keith and Crowther, Robert. 2016. "Motor synergy in people with neurological disorders: Applications for gait rehabilitation." 20th European Congress of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM 2016). Lisbon Portugal 23 - 28 Apr 2016 Italy.
Paper/Presentation Title

Motor synergy in people with neurological disorders: Applications for gait rehabilitation

Presentation TypePresentation
AuthorsShafizadeh, Mohsen (Author), Wheat, Jonathan (Author), Davids, Keith (Author) and Crowther, Robert (Author)
Journal or Proceedings TitleEuropean Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Supplement 1
Journal Citation52 (Supplement 1-2)
Year2016
Place of PublicationItaly
Web Address (URL) of Paperhttp://www.esprm2016.com/en/
Conference/Event20th European Congress of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM 2016)
Event Details
20th European Congress of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM 2016)
Event Date
23 to end of 28 Apr 2016
Event Location
Lisbon Portugal
Abstract

Introduction: A functional feature of human movement control is the ability to achieve a skill in different
ways. High or low stride-to-stride variability is a sign of motor imbalance that could enhance risk of falling. According to the principle of motor abundance, if observed variability restricts functional gait, then increased variability may have a detrimental effect on performance. In contrast, if increased variability facilitates task function, then it can be assumed that it is beneficial for gait regulation.
Purpose: 1) To compare motor synergies variability of people with and without neurological disorders when walking on a treadmill. 2) To compare swing phases of motor synergies during preferred-stride and long-stride walking.
Method: Ten people with hemiparetic stroke and brain injuries (male=7, female=3, M=63.88 years,
SD=10.39) and ten participants without these injuries (male=?, female=3, M=72.66 years, SD=8.10) were
selected vol­ untarily, from a Neurological Rehabilitation Centre. Two-dimensional motion analysis was used to measure horizontal angles in thigh and shank segments when they walked on a treadmill at their preferred comfortable speed. The Uncontrolled Manifold methodology was used for quantification of motor synergies.
Results: There were no differences between participants with and without neurological disorders during pre­ferred walking conditions, whereas individuals with neurological disorders (1.56± 0.15) displayed significant­ly higher synergy levels (F=4.48, p<0.05) relative to people without disorders (1.12± 0.13) in long-striding conditions. Additionally, in both preferred and
long-stride conditions the initial-swing phase (1.51±0.25) dis­ played significandy higher synergy
levels (F=3.75, p<0.05) than mid-swing (1.03±0.15) and terminal-swing (1.07±0.16) phases.
Discussion: Motor synergies play an important role in control of stride variability in the swing
phase of gait, although people with neurological disorders tend to display weaker synergies in
this task.
Conclusions: These findings imply that the purpose of gait re-education could be to improve the
motor syn­ergy between limb components and help patients to functionally utilise available system degrees of
freedom.

Keywordsgait; motor synergy; rehabilitation
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020420703. Motor control
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Byline AffiliationsSheffield Hallam University, United Kingdom
School of Health and Wellbeing
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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