Effect of SnO2, ZrO2, and CaCO3 nanoparticles on water transport and durability properties of self-compacting mortar containing fly ash: experimental observations and ANFIS predictions

Article


Mehrinejad Khotbehsara, Mojdeh, Mehdizadeh Miyandehi, Bahareh, Naseri, Farzad, Ozbakkaloglu, Togay, Jafari, Faezeh and Mohseni, Ehsan. 2018. "Effect of SnO2, ZrO2, and CaCO3 nanoparticles on water transport and durability properties of self-compacting mortar containing fly ash: experimental observations and ANFIS predictions." Construction and Building Materials. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.10.067
Article Title

Effect of SnO2, ZrO2, and CaCO3 nanoparticles on water transport and durability properties of self-compacting mortar containing fly ash: experimental observations and ANFIS predictions

ERA Journal ID3470
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsMehrinejad Khotbehsara, Mojdeh (Author), Mehdizadeh Miyandehi, Bahareh (Author), Naseri, Farzad (Author), Ozbakkaloglu, Togay (Author), Jafari, Faezeh (Author) and Mohseni, Ehsan (Author)
Journal TitleConstruction and Building Materials
Number of Pages12
Year2018
PublisherElsevier
Place of PublicationNetherlands
ISSN0950-0618
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.10.067
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0950061817321207
Abstract

This paper investigates the influence of the addition of nanoparticles, namely SnO2, ZrO2 and CaCO3, at different doses on the durability and the microstructure of self-compacting mortar (SCM). Rheological characteristics were observed through mini slump flow diameter and mini V-funnel flow time. Transport properties were studied by the water absorption and capillary absorption tests. Mechanical
properties were determined by the compression tests. Durability properties were examined by the electrical resistivity and rapid chloride permeability tests. Microstructure of SCMs was investigated through scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The mixtures containing nanoparticles exhibit improved transport properties, with increased compressive strengths and resistance to water and chloride ion penetration. These improvements are attributed to the compact microstructures, as the micro pore system was refined in the presence of nanoparticles. Based on fresh and hardened mortar properties, it is found that 5 wt% SnO2, 4 wt% ZrO2, and 3 wt% CaCO3 would serve as suitable replacement levels in optimizing the overall performance. An adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) was employed to predict the SCM properties. The numerical results show that the metamodels provide accurate estimates of experimental results.

Keywordsself-compacting mortar (SCM); nanoparticles; durability; compressive strength; microstructure; water transport; ANFIS
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400505. Construction materials
400599. Civil engineering not elsewhere classified
Byline AffiliationsCentre for Future Materials
University of Guilan, Iran
Islamic Azad University, Iran
University of Adelaide
University of Malayer, Iran
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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