‘A la carte’ spirituality and the future of freedom of religion

Edited book (chapter)


Patrick, Jeremy. 2020. "‘A la carte’ spirituality and the future of freedom of religion." Babie, Paul T., Rochow, Neville G. and Scharffs, Brett G. (ed.) Freedom of Religion or Belief: Creating the Constitutional Space for Fundamental Freedoms. Cheltenham, United Kingdom. Edward Elgar Publishing. pp. 58-91
Chapter Title

‘A la carte’ spirituality and the future of freedom of religion

Book Chapter CategoryEdited book (chapter)
ERA Publisher ID1811
Book TitleFreedom of Religion or Belief: Creating the Constitutional Space for Fundamental Freedoms
Authors
AuthorPatrick, Jeremy
EditorsBabie, Paul T., Rochow, Neville G. and Scharffs, Brett G.
Page Range58-91
Chapter Number4
Number of Pages34
Year2020
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing
Place of PublicationCheltenham, United Kingdom
ISBN9781788977791
9781788977807
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.4337/9781788977807.00010
Web Address (URL)https://www.elgaronline.com/view/edcoll/9781788977791/9781788977791.00010.xml
Abstract

Although institutional religion continues on, there has been a dramatic increase in the past twenty years in those who describe themselves as 'spiritual but not religious'. The common trait among so-called 'SBNRs' is that they take an individualistic approach to religion: picking and choosing particular beliefs from a wide variety of religious traditions and then adding in, on an a la carte basis, notions from what may be derided by many as folklore, pseudoscience, the New Age smorgasbord, or personal intuition. The rise of this 'new spirituality' presents challenges for the traditional application of religious freedom principles in liberal democracies which were developed in the context of institutional, hierarchical, and formalized religious affiliations. This paper examples doctrinal freedom of religion principles in Australia, Canada, and the United States and discusses how 'freedom of religion' must evolve to protect spiritual beliefs that are personal and idiosyncratic.

KeywordsSBNR, Nones, Freedom of Religion, Spirituality, Religious Freedom
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020480702. Constitutional law
Byline AffiliationsSchool of Law and Justice
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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https://research.usq.edu.au/item/q5vq5/-a-la-carte-spirituality-and-the-future-of-freedom-of-religion

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