Assessment of high enthalpy flow conditions for re-entry aerothermodynamics in the plasma wind tunnel facilities at IRS

Article


Loehle, Stefan, Zander, Fabian, Eberhart, Martin, Hermann, Tobias, Meindl, Arne, Massuti-Ballester, Bartomeu, Leiser, David, Hufgard, Fabian, Pagan, Adam S., Herdrich, Georg and Fasoulas, Stefanos. 2022. "Assessment of high enthalpy flow conditions for re-entry aerothermodynamics in the plasma wind tunnel facilities at IRS." CEAS Space Journal. 14 (2), pp. 395-406. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12567-021-00396-y
Article Title

Assessment of high enthalpy flow conditions for re-entry aerothermodynamics in the plasma wind tunnel facilities at IRS

ERA Journal ID210239
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsLoehle, Stefan (Author), Zander, Fabian (Author), Eberhart, Martin (Author), Hermann, Tobias (Author), Meindl, Arne (Author), Massuti-Ballester, Bartomeu (Author), Leiser, David (Author), Hufgard, Fabian (Author), Pagan, Adam S. (Author), Herdrich, Georg (Author) and Fasoulas, Stefanos (Author)
Journal TitleCEAS Space Journal
Journal Citation14 (2), pp. 395-406
Number of Pages12
Year2022
Place of PublicationAustria
ISSN1868-2502
1868-2510
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s12567-021-00396-y
Web Address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12567-021-00396-y
Abstract

This article presents the full operational experimental capabilities of the plasma wind tunnel facilities at the Institute of Space Systems at the University of Stuttgart. The simulation of the aerothermodynamic environment experienced by vehicles entering the atmosphere of Earth is attempted using three different facilities. Utilizing the three different facilities, the recent improvements enable a unique range of flow conditions in relation to other known facilities. Recent performance optimisations are highlighted in this article. Based on the experimental conditions demonstrated a corresponding fight scenario is derived using a ground-to-fight extrapolation approach based on local mass-specific enthalpy, total pressure and boundary layer edge velocity gradient. This shows that the three facilities cover the challenging parts of the aerothermodynamics along
the entry trajectory from Low Earth Orbit. Furthermore, the more challenging conditions arising during interplanetary return at altitudes above 70 km are as well covered.

KeywordsEnthalpy flow; Experimental conditions; Flow condition; High enthalpy flow field; Institute of Space Systems; Performance optimizations; Plasma wind tunnels; Recent performance; Space transportations; Wind-tunnel facilities
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400199. Aerospace engineering not elsewhere classified
Byline AffiliationsGerman Aerospace Centre, Germany
Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences
University of Oxford, United Kingdom
Open Cosmos, United Kingdom
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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