Emission spectroscopy at high frame rates during ablation tests of meteorite samples in plasma wind tunnel

Article


Ravichandran, R., Loehle, S., Hufgard, F., Leiser, D., Zander, F., Ferriere, L., Vaubaillon, J., Matlovic, P. and Toth, J.. 2024. "Emission spectroscopy at high frame rates during ablation tests of meteorite samples in plasma wind tunnel." Icarus. 407. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2023.115818
Article Title

Emission spectroscopy at high frame rates during ablation tests of meteorite samples in plasma wind tunnel

ERA Journal ID1066
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsRavichandran, R., Loehle, S., Hufgard, F., Leiser, D., Zander, F., Ferriere, L., Vaubaillon, J., Matlovic, P. and Toth, J.
Journal TitleIcarus
Journal Citation407
Article Number115818
Number of Pages9
Year2024
PublisherElsevier
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN0019-1035
1090-2643
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2023.115818
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0019103523003974
Abstract

Optical emission spectra between 522–580 nm of ablating meteorites have been recorded at frame rates as high as 1 kHz for the first time during ground testing with simultaneous spatial and temporal resolution. A novel high frame rate emission spectroscopy arrangement has been developed and employed to diagnose the ablating meteorites in several experimental campaigns. In addition to the identification of species from emission lines detected, the resulting high-speed spectral data were used to study the temporal and spatial evolution of melting droplets and the associated spectral signatures. The time history of radiance from the atomic species emission was used to interpret the fragmentation behavior of various meteorites. Chelyabinsk meteorite exhibit almost constant radiance over time indicating steady droplet detachment whereas Ragland meteorite shows infrequent radiance peaks corresponding to random fragmentation/droplet detachment of varying sizes. A gradual rise in radiance history from iron meteorite Mount Joy shows that it takes finite time for melting and accumulation of droplets.

KeywordsMeteor spectroscopy; High frame rate imaging
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020510199. Astronomical sciences not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Stuttgart, Germany
Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences
Museum of Natural History Vienna, Austria
Paris Observatory, France
Comenius University Bratislava, Slovakia
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