'I do not think I actually do it well': a discourse analysis of Australian senior secondary teachers' self-efficacy and attitudes towards implementation of differentiated instruction

Article


Porta, Tom, Todd, Nicole and Gaunt, Lorraine. 2022. "'I do not think I actually do it well': a discourse analysis of Australian senior secondary teachers' self-efficacy and attitudes towards implementation of differentiated instruction." The Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs. 22 (3), pp. 297-305. https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-3802.12568
Article Title

'I do not think I actually do it well': a discourse analysis of Australian senior secondary teachers' self-efficacy and attitudes towards implementation of differentiated instruction

ERA Journal ID20724
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsPorta, Tom (Author), Todd, Nicole (Author) and Gaunt, Lorraine (Author)
Journal TitleThe Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs
Journal Citation22 (3), pp. 297-305
Number of Pages9
Year2022
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN1471-3802
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-3802.12568
Web Address (URL)https://nasenjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1471-3802.12568
Abstract

Differentiated instruction is a proactive teaching model and philosophy with demonstrated potential to cater for diverse learners and create inclusive classrooms. There is little research, however, into the implementation of this approach in the senior secondary classroom. Teachers’ implementation of differentiated instruction has been shown to be linked to teacher attitudes and self‐efficacy in other settings. This study investigated the impact of teachers’ self‐efficacy and attitudes towards the implementation of differentiated instruction in the senior secondary context across two Australian states with a total of five participating teachers. The A (Affective) B (Behaviour) C (Cognitive) model was employed to define teacher attitudes from interviews concerning differentiated instruction. Findings indicated that teacher knowledge was a major factor influencing differentiation, in addition to attitude and self‐efficacy. The discourse analysis demonstrated that teachers held a greater knowledge of differentiation strategies than the concepts that underpin the differentiated instruction framework. Additionally, time constraints and feelings of failure in implementing differentiation strategies impacted teacher attitudes. Teacher knowledge, attitude and self‐efficacy were interrelated and impacted on teachers’ implementation of differentiated instruction in the senior secondary classroom. Implications for professional development to address student needs through differentiated instruction in the inclusive senior secondary classroom teacher are discussed.

Keywordsdifferentiated instruction, senior secondary education, discourse analysis, self-efficacy, teacher attitudes
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020390407. Inclusive education
Byline AffiliationsSchool of Education
Charles Sturt University
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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