The relations amongst maladaptive cognitions, defense mechanisms and career satisfaction

Masters Thesis

Bowman, Jennifer. 2022. The relations amongst maladaptive cognitions, defense mechanisms and career satisfaction. Masters Thesis Master of Science. University of Southern Queensland.

The relations amongst maladaptive cognitions, defense mechanisms and career satisfaction

TypeMasters Thesis
AuthorsBowman, Jennifer
1. FirstProf Peter McIlveen
2. SecondProf Gavin Beccaria
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
Qualification NameMaster of Science
Number of Pages145
PublisherUniversity of Southern Queensland
Place of PublicationAustralia
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

Career decisions are not necessarily rational as they depend on an individual’s state of mind. Interests, work values, and career satisfaction are commonly investigated in the career development field, but emotions are ostensibly absent in career theory. The way people understand and interpret their life stories is influenced by unconscious influences such as cognitive schemas and defense mechanisms. Maladaptive schemas are usually unconscious and occur when cognitive and emotional patterns created early in life become rigid, self-defeating, and repetitive. Defense mechanisms also influence subjective reactions and can influence emotional distress, stress management, functioning and quality of life. A survey using a sample of American members of the general public (N = 376) was conducted and measured their maladaptive schemas, defense mechanisms, and career satisfaction. Most cognitive schemas correlated with career adaptabilities. There were many moderate correlations between defense mechanisms and career adaptabilities, especially mature defenses, such as sublimation. This research will inform the psychodynamic theory of career development and practice of career counselling.

KeywordsCognitions, Defense Mechanisms, Vocational Psychology, Psychodynamics, Career Development, Maladaptive Schema
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520302. Clinical psychology
520303. Counselling psychology
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Byline AffiliationsSchool of Education
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