The effect of lower limb osteoarthritis on work-related outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Article


Alyousef, Yousef S., Johnston, Venerina, Mellor, Rebecca, Plinsinga, Melanie L., Zerguine, Haroun and Smith, Michelle D.. 2023. "The effect of lower limb osteoarthritis on work-related outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis." Disability and Rehabilitation. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2023.2259304
Article Title

The effect of lower limb osteoarthritis on work-related outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

ERA Journal ID16035
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsAlyousef, Yousef S., Johnston, Venerina, Mellor, Rebecca, Plinsinga, Melanie L., Zerguine, Haroun and Smith, Michelle D.
Journal TitleDisability and Rehabilitation
Number of Pages10
Year2023
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0963-8288
1464-5165
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2023.2259304
Web Address (URL)https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09638288.2023.2259304
Abstract

Purpose: Lower limb osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent condition that has a profound impact on an individual’s life in several domains, including occupational activities. The objective of this study was to systematically describe and compare work-related outcomes (e.g., employment status, absenteeism, and productivity loss) in individuals with and without lower limb OA.

Materials and methods: Five databases were searched until 17 June 2023. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they compared work-related outcomes between individuals with lower limb OA and healthy controls (e.g., people without OA or the general population).

Results: Seven studies met the inclusion criteria of which two were included in a meta-analysis. Meta-analysis revealed that individuals with OA were less frequently in paid employment than control individuals (odds ratio: 0.25; 95% confidence intervals: 0.12, 0.53). Evidence from single studies indicated greater absenteeism and presenteeism and poorer functional capacity in people with lower limb OA compared to controls.

Conclusions: This systematic review suggests that individuals with lower limb OA have poorer work-related outcomes than those without OA. Low study numbers and lack of consistency in the way work outcomes are defined and measured make accurate quantification of the impact of OA on work challenging.

KeywordsOsteoarthritis; lower limb; employment; absenteeism; presenteeism
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020420109. Rehabilitation
420603. Health promotion
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Queensland
Majmaah University, Saudi Arabia
School of Health and Medical Sciences
Greenslopes Private Hospital, Australia
Griffith University
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